..

V. -

11.

1948 , , , . , . , , .

, , , . , 100 . . . - , 500 , , , , .

. , . , , , , (MSO - Multiple System Operator), () . , . , , , , [4]. 19601970- , . , TCI , 15 . , , . , .

, ( , , franchise , ). (. ), .

. , . (. ), , . , . . 1975 . Time Inc., AOL Time Warner, ( Box Office) .

, .

. , (community) . , , , , .

. 1960- . , , . , , , , , .

1970- , . - , (. 29).

29

(1999 .)

(.)

TBS Superstation

78,0

1 1 668

1975

, ,

The Discovery Channel

77,4

1 0 882

1985

USA Network

77,2

1 2 500

1980

,

ESPN

77,1

2 7 600

1979

C - SPAN

77,0

7047

1979

,

Cable News Network (CNN)

77,0

1 1 528

1980

,

Turner Network Television

(TNT)

76,8

1 0 637

1988

, ,

Nickelodeon

76,0

1 1 788

1979

Fox Family Channel

75,7

1 3 818

1998

Lifetime Television

75,0

1 1 000

1984

: The New York Times Almanac of Record. Ed. by John W. Wright. Penguin. 2000. P. 392.

, . Box Office, AOL Time Warner Turner Broadcasting Company . , .

. . , 41% -, 46%. , . 1980- 20%, 2000- . , . , 1968 . FCC. 1972 . , . (franchise), , .

1984 . , , . , , . (.. ) . , 30 65 , . 500 .

, , , . ITC (Independent Television Commission) , 1000 , OFTEL, . 2000- 22,4%, 2,5 . , .


















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