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(1) (i) I called up the man who wrote the book that you told me about
, ,
*
(ii) quite a few of the students who you met who come from New York
are friends of mine
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(iii) John, Bill, Tom, and several of their friends visited us last night
, ,

(2) (i) I called the man who wrote the book that you told me about up
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(ii) the man who the boy who the students recognized pointed out is a
friend of mine
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16


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(v)

 

16


,

. , the man who wrote the
book that you told me about ", ,
", called the man who wrote
the book that you told me about up " ,
, , " (. (2i)).
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, . who the stu-
dents recognized " " -
who the boy who the students recognized pointed out "
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John, Bill, several of their friends -
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[[][]. . .[]]. -
[[[. . .]. . .].. .] ,
, [[[[John]'s brother]'s father's uncle] "
"* [[[the man who you met] from Boston] who was on
the train] "[[[, ,] ,]
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, , (1i) [this is
[the cat that caught[the rat that stole the cheese]]] "[ [,
[, ]]]".
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(4) (i)
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(iii) -

(iv) -

[[[[]]]] (. .).


: 17

2-1544


(v) , -
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this is the
cat that caught the rat that stole the cheese nay (.. cat
rat, , ).
. , (.
Chomsky, 1959a, a Chomsky, 1961, Miller and Chomsky, 1963),
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7. .
Miller and Chomsky (1963).
(4iv), , ,, -
(. Chomsky, 1961, 19).

 

18


(4v) 砠 ࠠ 
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(5) I had a book stolen*
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left the window open " ,
* . (. .).
24


 ", .. someone stole a book from my car
"- "; () I had a book stolen from
his library by a professional thief who I hired to do the job " -
, -
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ving the library with it " , ,
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(5),
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(6) I persuaded John to leave

(7) I expected John to leave
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Chomsky, 1955, 1962
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(8) (i) I persuaded a specialist to examine John

(ii) I persuaded John to be examined by a specialist

(9) (i) I expected a specialist to examine John
,
(ii) I expected John to be examined by a specialist
,
(9i) (9ii) " ":
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* (6)-(7) -
(. .).

25


(8i) 蠠 (8ii). , (8i) -

(8ii), , "", 蠠
(9i) (9ii), -
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will examine John " " -
John will be examined by a specialist " -
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list John, ,
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, 13:
( 10) (i)

(I persuaded a specialista specialist will examine John)
( )
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(I persuaded John a specialist will examine John)
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(11) (i)
(I expected a specialist will examine John)
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(I expecteda specialist will examine John)
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(10ii) (11ii)
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I persuaded John that (of the fact that) Sentence " 렠 ,
( , ) ", I expected John that (of the fact
that) Sentence " , ( , ) ".
28


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29


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(12) (i)
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(iii)

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(13) (i) , " (possible) "
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32


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34


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35


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39

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42


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" () ", John here is "
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