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1.

4.1.
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f (14 iv)
G 1.

ࠠ (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vii), (xvi),'(xvii)
(57) (57).

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(60),
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4). , ( -
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106


-
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(vi), (viii), (xiv), (xv) [ (57)]). , (57) -
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, (. . 93).
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( (57 vi) (57 viii)), -
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(57 xiv), (37 xv)),
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4.2.

, (57 xiv), (57 xv)
堠 堠
, (57 xiv),
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- 堠 sincerity "", frighten "-
" - 堠 frighten "", boy "-
" 蠠 sincerity may frighten the boy " -
" ( = (1)). -
. (57), (58).
107

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(. 2.2),
,
. 69-70. , -
(2) 130.
(57xiv), (57 xv), -

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  1. V > [+V, + [+]-, +[+ ]-]31
    , . ,
  2. [+V, +[+]-, +[+-],

, frighten
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(57)
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:
Aux +
, V
+ Det
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(57 xiv) -
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:
(64) [- + [+]-, - + [+ ]-
]
, :
(65) [- +[ + ]-, - + [+ 1-
]
, [-+[+]-] -
, [- +
+ [+ ]-]
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108

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2.2 렠 " " " -
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109

NP , ࠠ ...N.... , ...NP..., -
VP, a , VP,
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X, ...X...NP... ...NP...X...,
VP (,
X), , -
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( ).

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ꠠ Grammaire generale et raisonnee (Lancelot et al, 1660).
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111

, , -
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(. Greenberg, 1963).
(57xiv) -
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(66), (67).

, (. ,
Chomsky, 1955, 3), . -
(. ibid.), (66 i) -
, (66 ii) - . ,
(67 i) ,
(67 ii) -
. (66), frighten "-
" [[+-
] AuxDet [+]]; (67),
[[+-
] Aux] 蠠 [Det [+]]. -
, ,  -
, . , -
:
(68) (i) he ------------- the platoon
---------
(ii) his decision to resign his commission------------------------ the platoon
______
(iii) his decision to resign his commission------------------- our respect
-----------

(68i) command ", -
" (
). (68 iii) com-
mand, , . (68 ii)
, , (69 i),
, a^Aux ? -
Det (. .).
112

command*, , , baffle "
", (88 i), (68 iii). -
(67), command -
[[+] Aux],
[_Det [+]!, [[+ ] Aux] [Det [+ -
]]. , , -

. -
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(68 ii), command -
. (66),
command [[+ -
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Det [+ ]], [[+ ] Aux
Det [+]]., , command
(66 ii)., . -
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4.3.

-
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* :
(i)
(ii)
(iii) -
(. .).
113

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젠 D Q
o Q ? ,  Q . ,
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XY. , , -
114

? Q ? ?1?2Q?1?2, 堠 ?2 X, ?1 Y
- ? Q ?. -
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, (. 2.3.4),
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115

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4.

4.4.

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116

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(1963)34. , ,
ꠠ (69),
(70), , .

  1. S > NP^VP
    VP > V^NP
  2. S > { NP, VP}
    VP > {V, NP}

(70) ;
{NP, VP} = {VP, NP} , NP^VP ?VP^NP. ࠠ (70)
-
, (69). (69)
, (70), -
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蠠 젠 (set-systems) (70)
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(70), 蠠 堠 "" "
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(" ") (. .).

117

堠 , -

蠠 . ,
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(, for us to please John is difficult "
", it is difficult for us to please John " ", to please John is difficult for us "
" John is difficult for us to please " 젠 -
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118

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sieht die Tochter " ",
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119


















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