.

3.

6.

:

-, . , . , , . , : , . , .

, , , , . , . [c.185] , , . , , . ? : ?. . , , , .

1990- . , , : ? ? ?. , , , , 90- , , : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . , , , .

, , , , , , , . , , , , . . , , c , . , [c.186] , , , , . ( ) , . - , , .

. , , , , . , . -- . , - , . , . . , . : - , , , . . , , - , [c.187] , , , . . , , , , . , . , , , , 1.

, , , . . , , , ; . . , .

, , . , [c.188] , - , . , . - , , , .

Mercosur, , (, ), , , , , . , .

. . , () , . , , , , , , , , .

? . [c.189] , I, . , , , . , , , . , , , , , . , - , . , , . , , , - , . , , , .

, ?

-, , : , , , , , , , . , . : 1914 . [c.190] .

. , , . , , . , , , , . . , - , , , (, ) . , , , , . , ; ; .

-, , 5 4, - , - , , - .

-, , , [c.191] , : , , , . , . , , , . , , , . - - -. - . . - - :
( ) , ;

;

- , ;

, , .

, , . . , , . . , [c.192] . . , .

-, , , - : , , , , , . . , - , . , . , , , , , , . , , . , , - . : , .

, , . . : [c.193] , , . , , , . , , . "" "", , 2. . , , , , . , , , .

1990- . . , , , , , , . , , : , , - , , . [c.194]

. , . , . , . . ; , . , , . , , , , . , .

, . . , , , - , , . , (CARI), , [c.195] . , - . 1985 *, , , , 3.

. ( ):
;

;

;

.

, . 1994 . - 1992 . . 1995 , , , .

. [c.196] , . ( , ). , , . 1990- , . 1967 , , , , .

. , . . , , . , , - , XXI 4. 1978 , - : , , , , , . , 5. 1993 [c.197] , , - , , , , , - . , , . 1994-, , , , , , 6. , .

, - , . , . - , - (). , , , , , , . , . , , . , , , . , , . , -, , , 7. [c.198]

, . , , . . . . , , . . 8. , , - , - , , . , , , , , . , . , , - , 1995- .

, , , , . - . , , , , - 9. (. ). , , . [c.199]

. , . 1994 , , , . , , , 10.

, 1994 , CARICOM - , , 11. . , , 1985 , 1977, (). , 1992 . - 1991 , 1994 , , , , , . 1991 , , Mercosur, , 1995- [c.200] . 1990 , 1994 . 1992 (, , ) , 1994- 12.

, , . 1980- 50,6% , 1989 58,9 . . Mercosur 1990-, 1990 1993 , . 1994 , . . , , . (, , , ), , 20% 1970 30% 1992-, 23 13 . 1992 , 13. [c.201]

, . - , , , , , . . ( , , ), . 14. . , ; , , . .

, , . -, , -, [c.202] . , . - , , - , -. , , , . , . , .

. . , , - , , , ( , , -). ; : - , . , . , , , .

, [c.203] - , 7. , , , - , , - , . , , , , , , , . , . , , ( , ) . , , , , . , , , . .

- . - -' . , , . , , . , [c.204] , , , , , . , , , , - , .

- . , , - , , , , . - : , , , . , , . , 1994 , , , , , . . , . [c.205] . . , , , . , , 15.

- . , (, ). , (, ) (, ), .

, . , . . . , . , .

, , , () (). , , , . [c.206] , , , , , , , - .

, , . . , , . , . 1992 , 16. - . 1993 . . , , : ( ), - (- -), (- ), (, , -), ( ) ( ).

, , , [c.207] , - . , , , : ( ), ; ; , - .

, , . , , . . . , , , , , . , . , , . , - . [c.208]

: . . , , , , . : , . , , , . , , - ; , . , : . , , 1920 , . , , , 1980- , . 1990-, , , --. . , [c.209] : ; : , , ?; : , , 17.

:

, . -, . -, ( ). -, ( ) . , , , . .

1990- , . , . , [c.210] . , . .

. , (16891725), . , , , . , , : , , , , , . , , , , , , . , , , , , . , . , , . [c.211]

, , 16971698 . , . , , . , , . : , , , , , , , , , . , , , , . , , , - , .

, , , . . , , , , , . , , , [c.212] , 18. , , . , , , . . , , , . , , , II II, , , . 1980- , . , . , , .

, , , . . , : , , , , . , , . [c.213] , , . , , . , , 1990- , , , , , , , , , , , 19. , 1920- . , , .

, , . , , - , . , , . : [c.214] , , . , . , . , , , , , , , .

, , . ; ; 1910 , - .

; . : . , , , . - , , - , . - , [c.215] , , ; , , - .

, , - , . , , , . - . , . . 1995 . , , . - , , , : , , . . .

, , . . , , ? [c.216] , ? , . , , , , - : , 20.

. . , , , , , . , , , , , , 21. , , , , , . , 1920- , . [c.217]

, ( , , ), , ( ). , , ( ), . . . , .

, . 1992 2069 ; 40% , , 36% , 24% . 1993 34,2% , 43,3%, 13,7%22. 1996 , 43% , , , , 52% . 1990 - 23. [c.218]

1920- 30- . , , : , , , , . , , . . , , , , , , , . , , , . , , , . . , , ; ; , 24. , , , 1930- [c.219] . , .

1939 1945 . . , . 1952-, . ; ; ; . , , . - 1955 25.

. , . , , . , . , ( ) , . , [c.220] , , . , , , , , . , - , 26. , . , , , . ; .

1980- , , . 1987 . 1989 , 1993 . 1994 , , , , , , , , , . , , , , [c.221] 27. , .

, ? , . , , , , , . , 60 . , , , . , 1992 , , . , , , : . , , , , , , , . , , . , , , 28.

, , [c.222] , . , . , , . 19911992 , . : 1,5 , 79 , ( ), , , , , , , , , . 2000 . . : . . , - 29.

, , , . , , . , [c.223] . , .

1993 - , . , . , , . , , , . , , , . 30.

, . -, , , , , 31, . . . , , [c.224] , , . . . 1993 , , , , , - , , , . , 290 , 300 , 4 , 30 32.

, . 1980- 1990- , , . , , 80- . 15% , . , , 33. , 1980- 1990-. [c.225]

-, . , , , . , , . , : . . , , , 1987 . ( , )34. 1994 , , , 19% . : - 21%, ( ) 20%. , ; - . 1995 , , . , , , , 35. [c.226]

-, . , , . , , , - 36. , . , , 90- , , . , .

. , . . , , . , - , , , , - .

, . , [c.227] 1993 - , , , , . , , , , . , , 37. , , , . , , .

1920-, 1980-. . , - . , , . - 38. , , . , , , . , , , . , , , , [c.228] . , . , .

1980- . , , . 1910 . . , ; , ( ). , , , , . , , , , , , , . , , , , . [c.229]

. , , . , , , , .

? , . , . - , , . , , . , , , : , . , , . , , ( ) , , , ( ). - - , . , [c.230] , . , 39.

( ). , . 1995 . , , . , , , , , . , . , , . : ( ), , , , 1980- 1990-? ? [c.231]

, , . , ; , --- . 1990- , , , . , - , , . , , . . , , , , . , , , , . 40.

, , , . - , , , . 1971 - 39% [c.232] 21% . 1994 - 62% 41% . : 1991 11,8% 10,1% . , - .

, . -, 1990- . - , , . . . -, . 1987 1993 , , 21% 46%. . , , 42% 1992 35% 1993-. 1992 : . , , , 41.

, , . , , - , [c.233] , . , , . , . . , , , , " "42. , - 1994 , , - . , , . , , , , , , . , , . [ ]. , 43. , , : . - , , . : .

, . , , , . , [c.234] , , . , , , 44. , . , , , , , , , . , , , , , . . . , . , 45. , , , , . , , , .

, , . , , , , , . [c.235] , , , , - . . , , : ( ), ( )46.

. , , , - . , , , , , , , , , , -, , , , . 4 1776 , . , , , , , . , [c.236] .

, , . , : , . , . - , , , , , , , .

, , , . , . , , . , : , . , . , . , . [c.237]

* , , , , , .

(. 553556)

1. Andreas Papandreou, Europe Turns Left, New Perspectives Quarterly, 11 (Winter 1994), 53; Vuk Draskovic, . Janice A. Broun, Islam in the Balkans, Freedom Review, 22 (Nov./Dec. 1991), 31; F. Stephen Larrabee, Instability and Change in theBalkans, Survival, 34 (Summer 1992), 43; Misha Glenny, HeadingOff War in the Southern Balkans, Foreign Affairs, 74 (May/June1995), 102103. [c. 553]

2. Ali Al-Amin Mazrui, Cultural Forces in World Politics (London: James Currey, 1990), p. 13. [c. 553]

3. . , Economist, 16 November 1991, p. 45, 6 May 1995, p. 36. [c. 553]

4. Ronald B. Palmer and Thomas J. Reckford, Building ASEAN: 20 Years of Southeast Asian Cooperation (New York: Praeger, 1987), p. 109; Economist, 23 July 1994, pp. 3132. [c. 553]

5. Barry Buzan and Gerald Segal, Rethinking East AsianSecurity, Survival, 36 (Summer 1994), 16. [c. 553]

6. Far Eastern Economic Review, 11 August 1994, p. 34. [c. 553]

7. An interview between Datsuk Seri Mahathir bin Mohamad ofMalaysia and Kenichi Ohmae, pp. 3, 7; Rafidah Azia, New York Times, 12 February 1991, p. D6. [c. 553]

8. Japan Times, 7 November 1994, p. 19; Economist, 19 November 1994, p. 37. [c. 553]

9. Murray Weidenbaum, Greater China: A New EconomicColossus? Washington Quarterly, 16 (Autumn 1993), 7880. [c. 553]

10. Wall Street Journal, 30 September 1994, p. A8; New York Times, 17 February 1995, p. A6. [c. 553]

11. Economist, 8 October 1994, p. 44; Andres Serbin, Towardsan Association of Caribbean States: Raising Some Awkward Questions, Journal of Interamerican Studies, 36 (Winter 1994), 6190. [c. 553]

12. Far Eastern Economic Review, 5 July 1990, pp. 2425, 5 September 1991, pp. 2627; New York Times, 16 February 1992, p. 16; Economist, 15 January 1994, p. 38; Robert D. Hormats, Making Regionalism Safe, Foreign Affairs, 73 (March/April 1994), 102103; Economist, 10 June 1994, pp. 4748; Boston Globe, 5 February 1994, p. 7. Mercosur, . Luigi Manzetti, The Political Economy of MERCOSUR, Journal of Interamerican Studies, 35 [c. 553] (Winter 1993/94), 101141, Felix n, New Approaches to Economic Integration in the Southern Cone, Washington Quarterly, 18 (Summer 1995), 113122. [c. 554]

13. New York Times, 8 April 1994, p. A3, 13 June 1994, pp. Dl, D5, 4 January 1995, p. A8; Mahathir Interview with Ohmae, pp. 2, 5; Asian Trade New Directions, AMEX Bank Review, 20 (22 March1993), 17. [c. 554]

14. . Brian Pollins, Does Trade Still Follow the Flag? American Political Science Review, 83 (June 1989), 465480; Joanne Gowa and Edward D. Mansfield, Power Politics andInternational Trade, American Political Science Review, 87 (June 1993), 408421; David M. Rowe, Trade and Security inInternational Relations, (unpublished paper, Ohio State University, 15 September 1994), passim. [c. 554]

15. Sidney W. Mintz, Can Haiti Change? Foreign Affairs, 75 (Jan./Feb. 1995), 73; Ernesto Perez Balladares and Joycelyn McCalla quoted in Haiti's Traditions of Isolation Makes U.S. Task Harder, Washington Post, 25 July 1995, p. A1. [c. 554]

16. Economist, 23 October 1993, p. 53. [c. 554]

17. Boston Globe, 21 March 1993, pp. 1, 16, 17; Economist, 19 November 1994, p. 23, 11 June 1994, p. 90. , . Barry Buzan, New Patterns of Global Security in the Twenty-first Century, International Affairs, 67 (July 1991), 449, , . Jagdish Bhagwati, The World Trading System at Risk (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991), p. 72. [c. 554]

18. Cm. Marquis de Custine, Empire of the Czar: A Journey Through Eternal Russia (New York; Doubleday, 1989; originally published in Paris in 1844), passim. [c. 554]

19. P. Ya. Chaadayev, Articles and Letters [Statyi i pisma] (Moscow: 1989), p. 178 N. Ya. Danilevskiy, Russia and Europe [Rossiya i Yevropa] (Moscow: 1991), pp. 267268, . Sergei Vladislavovich Chugrov, Russia Between East and West, Steve Hirsch, ed., MEMO 3: In Search of Answers in the Post-Soviet Era (Washington, D.C.: Bureau of National Affairs, 1992), p. 138. [c. 554]

20. Cm. Leon Aron, The Battle for the Soul of Russian Foreign Policy, The American Enterprise, 3 (Nov/Dec. 1992), 10ff; Alexei G. Arbatov, Russia's Foreign Policy Alternatives, International Security, 18 (Fall 1993), 5ff. [c. 554]

21. Sergei Stankevich, Russia in Search of Itself, National Interest, 28 (Summer 1992), 4849. [c. 554]

22. Albert Motivans, Openness to the West in European Russia, RFE/RL Research Report, 1 (27 November 1992), 6062. . , . Sergei Chugrov, Political Tendencies inRussia's Regions: Evidence from the 1993 Parliamentary Elections (Unpublished paper, Harvard University, 1994). [c. 555]

23. S. Chugrov, Russia Between, p. 140. [c. 555]

24. Samuel P. Huntington, Political Order in Changing Societies (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968), pp. 350351. [c. 555]

25. Duygo Bazoglu Sezer, Turkey's Grand Strategy Facing aDilemma, International Spectator, 27 (Jan./Mar. 1992), 24. [c. 555]

26. Clyde Haberman, On Iraq's Other Front, New York Times Magazine, 18 November 1990, p. 42; Bruce R. Kuniholm, Turkeyand the West, Foreign Affairs, 70 (Spring 1991), 3536. [c. 555]

27. Ian Lesser, Turkey and the West after the Gulf War, International Spectator, 27 (Jan./Mar. 1992), 33. [c. 555]

28. Financial Times, 9 March 1992, p. 2; New York Times, 5 April 1992, p. E3; Tansu Ciller, The Role of Turkey in the New World, Strategic Review, 22 (Winter 1994), p. 9; . Haberman, Iraq's Other Front, p. 44; John Murray Brown, Tansu Ciller and the Question of Turkish Identity, World Policy Journal, 11 (Fall 1994), 58. [c. 555]

29. D.B. Sezer, Turkey's Grand Strategy, p. 27; Washington Post, 22 March 1992; New York Times, 19 June 1994, p. 4. [c. 555]

30. New York Times, 4 August 1993, p. A3; 19 June 1994, p. 4;Philip Robins, Between Sentiment and Self-interest: Turkey's Policytoward Azerbaijan and the Central Asian States, Middle East Journal, 47 (Autumn 1993), 593610; Economist, 17 June 1995, pp. 3839. [c. 555]

31. Bahri Yilmaz, Turkey's new Role in International Politics, Aussenpolitik, 45 (January 1994), 94. [c. 555]

32. Eric Rouleau, The Challenges to Turkey, Foreign Affairs, 72 (Nov./Dec. 1993), 119. [c. 555]

33. E. Rouleau, Challenges to Turkey, pp. 120121; NewYork Times, 26 March 1989, p. 14. [c. 555]

34. Ibid. [c. 555]

35. J.M. Brown, Question of Turkish Identity, p. 58. [c. 555]

36. D.B. Sezer, Turkey's Grand Strategy, pp. 2930. [c. 555]

37. T. Ciller, Turkey in the New World, p. 9; J. M. Brown, Question of Turkish Identity, p. 56; Tansu Ciller, Turkey andNATO: Stability in the Vortex of Change, NATO Review, 42 (April [c. 555] 1994), 6; Suleyman Demirel, BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, 2 February 1994. , . Bruce R. Kuniholm, Turkey and the West, Foreign Affairs, 70 (Spring 1991), 39; I. Lesser, Turkey and the West, p. 33. [c. 556]

38. Octavio Paz, The Border of Time, interview with Nathan Gardels, New Perspectives Quarterly, 8 (Winter 1991), 36. [c. 556]

39. , . Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Free Trade with an Unfree Society: A Commitment and its Consequences, National Interest, (Summer1995), 2833. [c. 556]

40. Financial Times, 1112 September 1993, p. 4; New York Times, 16 August 1992, p. 3. [c. 556]

41. Economist, 23 July 1994, p. 35; Irene Moss, Human Rights Commissioner (Australia), New York Times, 16 August 1992, p. 3; Economist, 23 July 1994, p. 35; Boston Globe, 7 July 1993, p. 2; Cable News Network, News Report, 16 December 1993; Richard Higgott, Closing a Branch Office of Empire: Australian Foreign Policy and the UK at Century's End, International Affairs, 70 (January 1994), 58. [c. 556]

42. Jat Sujamiko, The Australian, 5 May 1993, p. 18 . R. Higgott, Closing a Branch, p. 62; R. Higgott, Closing a Branch, p. 63; Economist, 12 December 1993, p. 34. [c. 556]

43. Transcript, Interview with Keniche Ohmae, 24 October 1994, pp. 56. . Japan Times, 7 November 1994, p. 19. [c. 556]

44. Former Ambassador Richard Woolcott (Australia), New York Times, 16 August 1992, p. 3. [c. 556]

45. Paul Kelly, Reinventing Australia, National Interest, 30(Winter 1992), 66; Economist, 11 December 1993, p. 34; R. Higgott, Closing a Branch, p. 58. [c. 556]

46. Lee Kuan Yew, . R. Higgott, Closing a Branch, p. 49. [c. 556]


:
   
















sitemap:
. , , .