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ABA VI
PCCK KOMMHM PEBO [1]

1.

Pycca peo yepcaca o co pa, a ca oa peo, oa coepaac o coo epaoaa, o oa e yoo aoaa aoayec ce oee oee o co peyaa. Tpyoc cye o oye opeeec eo eo oce xapaepo, pycc eyapo. Too Pocc oa poo oyceca peo. Pycc oy oe pecac aaa oyo aac. p aoo poa oyceca peo ooa cpaax aao Epo, a, oeo, ce ye o oy. Ca epaoa pycco oyceco peo co pycc, . coe ya, o ae aoe yace epee pycco oye oe xapaepo Pocc pyccoo apoa. Pycc ecca poce epecoy eccay. e ec pycc eoe. B eo xapaepo, paeo e o o-o pycco-oocoe. B xapaepe ea ec pycce ep e ceao ee, a pyccoo apoa: pocoa, ec, pyoaoc, eo ppaca pope, paoc c, cooc cecoy y a opao ocoe. o eoop epa co o aoae o e pycc , oop ae cee eaoe paee .Toco, xo o e oaa cooc ypee Tocoo. e cea ooo yca, o . Po ea ec aeaeaa eocpa po oc pecx cox. e ooy o ca oe peo peaoa co ao paoa a, o o e ec pycc . B e ep pyccoo eea-ceaa coeac c epa pyccx e, copax cpox pyccoe . O coe cee ep pecoo, Heaea, Taea, eoa c epa ex e ococx, epa Beoo pycc ocyapcex eee ecoecoo a. B o opaoc eo oo. e peooep-acac ocyapce eoe. O coe cee pee aca peooo e, oaapoo peoooo pocoepa c oc oopyo cpeax op, paeco oe. Too ae ycea oea. O coe cee pocoy, poy cec ace c xpoc, o c oapco. B ee e o eo o peooo oe, oopo o epe e o. B o o pooooe a , a Tpo Mapo, ep eoo pa eeo.

>B coe o e opo cy, xopo ce, ce oa paoa, e ecoex copo ae, oop ea ay cooc pycca paaa . B e e o eo aapxecoo o epe e o aapxa, peao xapaep oopoo o cea oa. O epe e o peooo poa peooo paepca. yy peceaee coea apox occapo, oe oeco Pocc, o ocoo oa ep oyceco cpee. O po oycecoe aco oycecoe pae. O occaa po eco oe e oyceco ap. B 1918 oy, oa Pocc po xaoc aapx, peax cox e eae eeoeece yc cpoa pycc apo cax oyco. O pae eeap ea, pyy, ce, oeceoc, a ye, ooeoy cpoecy, a e ooy papye, o po peoooe paepco, oae aapece aooc, o coepae acoe aa a eo. ocao xaoec paca Pocc, ocao ecoec, paec ye. B o ec epa cxoca c epo.

e pooeoa ecoy oy, o o o e eco eoeo. O e , oa ey aoac a ecc ea, oop, o o e eo eo, o o peo eeo. Ho ca o epoo e o ypa ea. B o y eo o oo . O ox, y cec, poaeo aoc o aep coe e, opo aco ea oap. a epa oaa oo Maaapy [2] xapaepoa eo, a eoo ypya, o e coce epo. B oooc e ooc exaoy, oocc ey o c aooee a epoo ca c exao co cpac oee [3] . Paoapoae exaoe, oopo o ye ee ep cao, eco, opeo-pepeoo ooe oapa, o ea paoapoae x ooe. Ho ep oo, oop opee peoooe ooee ea py , a a eo paa, aeaoo eppopceco ee. Oe ea poa o, ocyc o eepacoo a . Koa pa eo ae o oecoy ey, o opyaee oeco oepyoc o ce ea. o ae o oo ea paoapoae . eo paoaoc eco-paoyoe ooee . O e ep eoea, o xoe a opaoa , o o ee , o e o yee eoea eoeo. B oco, cycce, yxoo yype e oe oca eeap eoe, y eo yc ca e 60-x 70-x oo pooo ea. O coe coay peoooc c yxoo peaooc.

e acaa a opao, aoao-coeopao xapaepe pycco peo. O cea oop, o pycca peo ye e ao, ao peca ee cee opep apca. o cea oc oppe . o ocpo eop ay pycco peo ocyec ee. o eeo eaeco ceoa apcy oeeo epeece eo p a pyccy oy. e e eope apca, a exao, a eope . Bce, o o ca, o papaoo eop pa . O oa e papaaa popa, o epecoac oo eo, oopa eee ceo epecoaa pyccx peooepo, eo o axae ac, o ca oo c. ooy o oe. Bce pocoepae ea o pcocoeo exe peooo op. O o, apaee, aoo o peo, ya o o, o ye, oa ac ye aoeaa, a opaoa . e epac, a e aapxc. Bce ee eo o epacec, ccoec. C caa poeoc, yoc eo pocoepa, cocpeooeoc a oo, eoc aceoc c, eeapoc oyo, opaex e. T yyp ea eco, ooe ey o eocyo eeco. Bca papoaoc c yxoo eo oaaa. O oo a, oo yc, o y eo e o opx a, e o oo yceo . O popea a opeeeo e, op ec. B e e o cocooc . O xopoo a apc, e eoope ooece a. o oco o a ceo ,op, cee ceo c epec yoa apce. oe Maxa Aeapyca, oop yee apcc-oe oao yaapc, e poe ey ococy epaypy. Ho y eo e o ococo yyp, ee, e y exaoa. O c opoc a eocoe, oaapoe pocoepae, oopoe eoxoo o op, oopoe oo cocpeooa peooy ep. o oaapo cce o e oo y ooo pa, o peoa p ceo eo. co coe o pe o pa. O pa, o yeee Aeapyco Maxo He apyae eococ oeccoo pocoepa ocae ope. O opoc a eococ oceoaec ope, oa eooa e eocoo, oaecoo epocoea, e opooc. O peoa coaeoc opaoaoc ope po co cxoc. o ocoo y eo o. o oyca ce cpeca op, oce ee peo. opo o eo ce, o cy peo, oce, o e eae. Peoooc ea ea opa co, o e o ec ecpaeoc, ye, cyaa. Ho ca oep acaceco peooo ee, o oe oo oep eocpeceoe pae ey opo o, oep eocpeceoe ooee , oyca oa, o, ace, ecooc. e e yp eoeo, e o oo xopoeo. O ecopc eoe, acoo pea ee, o ae e ocoeo eco aco eoeo, o ao ya o cee. Ho cea oepoc oo ee pea cpaoy cye coa paceoy epepoe, oye coepeo epacex cpec ope. e eoeo cy, pooo eoe, o eo ca.

e peooep o oa oce eo ooy, o c coea aa eocoe, oaapoe pocoepae, e oyca ax apye o eococ. Oca e eoa a ep cpacoc pococ, c oopo o opec po aex ooe o oo, e o e apcccy opooc. O peye poocax, coacx c oaapoc pocoepa, . e. peox, o a oae, a aep, a aey . . o coo, o ce cae apcco, o xoe cy ey coao peo. Ec e aeec aepac, ec co ococx, oceooecx opocax peoaee Maxa, o ee oaapo, eoco peoooc o ce. Koa yaapc pooa aoop o oocaece oocpoece, o, xo o oco coepeo aecec xapaep, e c poc apocc a yaapcoo, oop paea pa oeo. yaapc oc ycoee eocoe apccoe pocoepae, o e aeec aepaco, oo o ocaoo eo oye. yc ee e o e oe ea, o e, yc o ae pea paoey accy, o y x e eococ, o e oaap coe ooe peo. O yco eo paoopa o , o Pocc caaa ya ypyaa peo, o coa ocyec oc epoa aacecoo pa, o yo a pa coa paoeo acca, o pecco acc peao p. Mee ae e paa ocoeoo ae eocoy pocoepa, oaeoy coea aeecoo aepaa, eoope x ooe oca ae, o ye coce yaco, eoaaa, . e. epac a ypyay oco. Bce o ocao peooy o. ea apc ec pee ceo yee o aype poeapaa. Mee e ca eooo aypy poeapaa cecoxoceo, pecco cpae. Mee xoe eopaa, xoe opac a oco. e eopa, o yepae e p oca, a p oopaoo eca. ooy ey aco poca ype ae. O cpo a peo peoooo axaa ac, coce e opac a pae coa opox acc paox a oe ooec poecc. aypa eaa ceo pocoepa ea, o ae cpo coe pocoepae pee aype. O yepa aypy ae oco, pey ayp aeecoo aepaa a c.

e ea, oopy o peceoa c eoao oceoaeoc, o coae co ap, pecae xopoo opaoaoe eeo-cpoaoe eco, opaeec a eoe peooo-apcccoe pocoepae. ap oa e opy, oopo eo e e, oa oa oo aypy a ce ooo . Caa opaa ap, pae epaoaa, a ye aypo ax paepax. Ka e ap oe o aype epa. oecca ap, oopy eee ox e coaa e, oa a a opae pye opaa ce Pocc. Pocc eceo a opaoaa o opay opaa oecco ap. Bc Pocc, ec pycc apo oaac oe e oo aype oyceco ap, ee epaoy opay, o ope oycecoo aopa coe c coe coec. e opa cooy yp ap o opae coo o epeeceo a c Pocc. o ec aypa pocoepa, oopy oo e. e o o cea oo ooy, o o coe cee e pa pa pycco peooo ee ee aoee acacecx eex pa pycco copeco ac ee aoee ecoecx poex. -eopa, ee, coac-peooep ocac epo pa, a o ceo. Ho coe cee e pa, oope axoc XIX ee cepeo pae ope, e o aepa a opaa oycecoo ocyapca ocyec eo. Ka apaocao y, o oe ec pee ee pycco eoepaoc, pyccoo epaa, ep ee o ococoe apco, op ee epoca ep. oe a coe, epaoaoe ocyapco. poo coeee o coo pae c oe ocyapceoy oyecy opa o oaaac cee. oe oe pyccy , a ce cee apoaa ca. Ho capoe pyccoe ocyapco cea o apoa. poea ac a ocoo y ea y cex ceoax a . o oao oeo o cex pyx peooepo. o coa oecoe ocyapco, o cocoa ypae oe oxoee a capoe pyccoe ocyapco. Ho opaoa ac, o cee paoe-pecce acc e oo co opy, c ace. Hya eoca opa, eocoe pocoepae, y cpee . B Mococo apce ep apo epac eco peox epoa. Hoa ea epa apox ac oa paea eeapx coax. o-pycc pacoppoa apc oaac oo oe p. oa ooo ayp poeapa, oopa ec aypa oyceco ap, pea epec pecae a ea o ea?, acaa ee 1902 oy, a e o ee pacoa a oeo eueo, peca ec opae peooo . B e e opoc a opao c a aae ooo cxoc oa ooo peo. oo opae eocoo peoooo pocoepa peoooo ec. Cxoc e poooaa coaeoc peoooo eca, oopoe pao ococoa a oece poecco. O peye opaa cepxy, a e cy, . e. opaa e eopaecoo, a aop a. e eac a e apcca, oope ceo y o cxo-oeceoo pa. O yepa e aypy pecoo poeapaa, oop Pocc oe ca, a aypy e poeapaa, oopo oe poyo eaeoe eco. e cea aooco cyoc aeopao, o caaoc a ooo oyceco co. yy aepaco, e coce e peco eae pe ce, a opoee ypyaoo yxa. e acoc, o ep acoy cy. Maepay oe pyo ocpo eop oa, oycay acoy cy, o ea o e ecoo. Eo eepoa aoc oco opeeec eo eoco peooo oe. Acoy cy yepae e oae, e ee, a apea peooa o. o xoe oopa e o apeo peooo o. Toaap apc, aeec apc ec acoa ca. a acoa ca ec opye peo opaa . Ho yee, oocoaee oaapy opy oxaay c ooy e oo o ooy, o c, coae, ce opeco yyp oe peeo ep.

Bc cop pycco ee oooa oy. B oy o aoe ep: aa coao cpaeoc paeca, pae acco pyxc c eoeec o, opaee aay ypya, cpeee eocoy pocoepa eocoy ooe , ceaca eepoc, oopeoe paeoe ooee yyo e, cea occopooc, opae yxa yxox eoce, pae aepay o eooecoo xapaepa. Bce ep cea coce pycco peooo ae poco paao . c oca capo ee, e pye oey, e ya cox cocex ep ex, po oo o occa, o copeca aepa, oep a o ooao pea. Capa peooa ee poco e yaa o o, ao oa ye, oa oy ac, oa pa ocpa ce eaco yeeo acoc yeaeco oaaoc e opoee coepeo pyoo, yoo e a, o pe a o o x opoee. B o apaoc cxoa pycco ee, ee pacoppoa oce oeooco peo. ac ee pepaac oyc pcocoa co cxy o yco, pya e ac ee e pa caceco peo, a coe pooe. e oa paoaa o ye , , co epeoc oee eo a ycpoee , oo paoa eoecoe ace, aco ooc . o pooe ee, oaoo oapyeec oye ae. B Pocc oc o apoooec , ooe paee . e oo a a ocy, e ec, e e capx . ooo oy, a 60-x oax, p oe co, oee eaco 40-x oo aee oee ec o, cx oeooco peo, ee cx o, o e poecc pooe oee paox paepax. p o capa ee, eeec caa c c peaca ceco ox, pae y e po, oopy 60-e o pa eac 40-x oo, pecae oee . Bcece ocae a, o aea, oa aae, o pooa o epecoo, oop pepa epea, a oo eaca 40-x oo o coey . Koyc c pepee aa capy peooy paay ee ypyao, a c coac 60-x oo aa ee 40-x oo opco, apco. B oo oyceco e o c ac ec cape o pao cocpaaeoc. B o e paoaac ecoc, epexoa . o o ye oaac oe aop ay ea, o ca aepao opaa oyceco ap, o ca acoa a opoo . Ho ye , pa ococy peo, oaec paoe-pecco cpe, o poe epe cy oey apy. Hoe , pee cy, y pa pycco yyp, x o e epao, e co yyp ceo epo. coceo o ressentiment o ooe capo yyp, oopoe oe peca epeo yco ec. ooe cxooec ocec. Hapo poo ycoa epay coaoo cpo, ocoaoo a yee cyaau pyxc, o o poo cpeo ec co cpaaecy o. Ho acy ac, oa o e oea oe epe, ec cpo y apoo epeepyc. o ec poecc. Kpooc cpeoc oe epe cpeoc papeoc. e e o ocyec coeo aa peo axaa ac e epeopoa ye apoa. epeopo o a e, o apo, ppaoa epoa oop ppaoao cye, py o oeac a paoaa ce , oep oooc paoaa e coo ppaoaoo ocaa, oep ay eco oa. Pycc apo epoa eypecoo, oa o o ceco ac e, epee epo exec, oa o oep o ceoyeco a o capoy cy ca oocc ae, a oey. Tae epee oo ye apoa.

e apcc ep cey cc poeapaa. O ep, o p cy oxy poeapcx peo. Ho o pycc ea peo Pocc, cpae coce ocoo. O oaa ceo yoc copeco cya. O oycoa, o eo ac aca, aca aoap oe, epeee paoee capoo . Hyo o cea epy pe poeapcy peo pecco cpae. o oycoa ce coo o coo apcccoo opepca, c oop ey aoea apcc-ee. O pooac paoe-peccy peo paoe-peccy pecyy. O pe ocooac pecco poeapo peo o yce o ee, co cyae apcco-. e coep pee ceo apapy peo, ocooac o, o pae yepa coac-apo. B e o peopaeo e ee peoooo apoeca yapca. Coac-peooep, pecae capo pa, oasac ey ece. e cea ce ye, copee oee paa, o a oe. o copooaoc pooaee oo peooo opa, cooecye ooy cxecoy y o yco. Oa oaaac ye o, e y capo peooo ee, eee yao, e cecec ao ecooc. e ayac, a aeopa. B o o eoe oo ox, ox e oo oycecx, o accx epeopoo. e ec o ooo a, o ae o acc, aeeoo aopco ac. oy yy opaa Mycco ep. Ca ye aoe o o-aopa. e e ec, oeo, a, o ca ye e oxo a a.

B 1917 oy, . e. epe aa e oce o ea?, e e y ocyapco peo, oe caoe epecoe ceo acaoo. B o e e aepa a opaau peo opaa peooo ac, a pacca a ooe pe. aeaeo e o, o o o a aep, aeaeo o, o o eo ocyec, o co pee, a ye ce oe. B e e cpo eop po ocyapca epexoo epo o aaa oyy, oop oe oee ee . oo y cao Mapca e o, oop e pee opeo, a ye ocyecc oy, ae op pe aypa poeapaa. M e, o ea apc ec pee ceo eop paa ayp . Mapca oo o cea aapxece o, opae ocyapco . e peeo occae po x aapxecx oo, o eaopx opaa peooo ac, ayp poeapaa. B yye ocyapco eceo oo oepe a eaooc, o epexoo epo po ocyapca oa ee oee opac. aypa poeapaa, . e. aypa oyceco ap, oaae ocyapcey ac oee c ecoecy, e ypyax ocyapcax. Coaco apccco eop, ocyapco cea o opaae accooo ococa, aypo, ococyx acco a acca yee cyapye. ocyapco oope ooaeo aec opaoa oeco oce ceoe acco. ocyapco cyecye oa cyecy acc. Ho ooe ceoee acco pocxo e cpay oce oe peoooo poeapaa. e coce e ya, o oce opco peo Pocc ooaeo ocyecc oycecoe oeco. peco ee ooe poecc ecoa opa. Bo pe oo oooeoo epoa, oa oeco e cao ee coepeo eacco, ocyapco c co epaoao ac yo ayp poeapaa a ypya acca, x oae. e oop, o ypyaoe ocyapo yo yoa ye peoooo ac, o e opaoaeec poeapcoe ocyapco oceeo oope, o epe ocyece eoaccooo oycecoo oeca. B poo o oaee poeapaa ypyae, epexoo epo poeapcoo ocyapca, ypaeoo aypo, oo pocxo oaee ypya poeapao. B o epoe o yy co pa pox. e opaec coe e, a opao, a eca oco eo . oa poeapa ee yaec ocyapce, o yaec e e epecax coo, a epecax oae cox poo, e ec ee 1875 oy. Ty ec ec peeceo ea. o ey eopa coce e ya poeapaa ocyece oya. Oa e ec y poeapco . ypyaa eopa e oe oopoa oyy, ypyaoe eopaecoe ocyapco oo yoeo ocyece oya. eopa e ya pea oce oe poeapco peo, o pooooa aype. eopaece coo ea ocyece apca . a e e ep peaoe cyecoae eopaecx coo, o ppa epec ypya ee ococo. B ypyax eopax ae cyecy ayp, aypa aaa, ee. o eccopo ec o c. p coae oope ca eopa. epe ac ocyece oya, e oy cooa . e o po oop. aypa poeapaa ye eco ace epaeco. Bope opepcoy oa apca, e yepa pa o a ooo. poea co ac eo ocoa. Bope opepcoy apcy eeo, e e oeco ooeco ocaoc Pocc peyeco ocyece coao . B cpae caoepao oapx, e pe paa cooa paaa, ee ocyec aypy poeapaa, e ax eopax. o eccopo epo. Beo ca oopoc yo ocooac poeapcoo ocyapca. o pee K.. B cpae ycpao ocao, c ao pa aao, ee ye opaoa ooecy coaco oycecoy . Ty e axoc pax pyccoo apoecoo coaa, o yepae, o peo pooe Pocc opao, e o aaoy, . e. cyoc e o Mapcy, e o opepcoy oa Mapca. Ho ce oo poo o Mapca.

Ka oey pepac o ace pyee, o ocyce co coo, oope xapaepy epexoo oyy epo, epo poeapco ayp? Oe ea oe poco, co poco. Caaa yo po epe ypoy, epe pyee, epe eey aypy cepxy. pyee ye e oo o ooe oaa capo ypya, o o ooe paoe-pecc acca, caoy poeapay, oop oec . oo, oop e, py coa eeape yco oeceoc, pcococ o yco, oa yoc ace a , ocyapco oop, aypa oc. Ty cpeaec c oe epec ee. e e ep eoea, e paa e aoo ypeeo aaa, e ep yx cooy yxa. Ho o ecoeo ep oecey ypoy eoea, ep, o pyea oecea opaa oe coa aoo yoo ooo eoea, coepeoo coaoo eoea, e yaeoc oe . Ta Mapc ep, o o eoe apyec a apax. B o yo ea, o yo peaye peaoa. Ooo o e pe. O e pee, o accooe yeee oe p coepeo oe op, e oxoe a aacece. aypa poeapaa, yc ocyapcey ac, paae ooccay popa, oxaay, a aya, c cpay ce cee oy. a oa coeca popa, oee ca, e ppa apca, ec o pepoa acc, oop oe ecoo cyapoa apoe acc. o . poco pao co po oyae 75 pye ec, coec e o, ceac 1500 pye ec. o yooe epaeco cyecye oyceco ocyapce. Coeca Pocc ec cpaa oyapceoo aaa, oop oe cyapoa e eee acoo aaa. epexoo epo oe ayc o ecoe. Te, oope e acy, oy o yc acoa e axo ee, oope, ee ooaeoo ocyece oya. Bo ac cae caoaee a ee yy opoc, a a e, a e a a . Bce o o e pyoopa ea. Ty o ocoeo yoe, oe ae. Coecoe ocyapco cao a e, a coe ecoecoe ocyapco, oo ecye e e cpeca, o ace. o pee ceo ocyapco -. Eo eyapoa oa a e a o aoae oa ypyax ocyapc. Koyceca peo a opao pycco, o ya poe oo e pooo, ex Aa ocac pooae ecoa, pacoppy ce. Pycca peo coepaac o coo apca-eaa, a e apoecoo coaa, oop e a coo cape pa. Ho oey pe apoec coa yep Pocc co eococ peooy ep, o oxc, o ooa, o o pa po epaco, eeco, ce ee ypyao peo, o opo oee pa eopa, e pa coaa, e oe ye pa po peo opco, .e. oe copee, apoo, coaceco. Mapc-e a ce ce eoxoe ee apoecoo coaa, o opoc eo y eoeoc, eo opay eeoc, a oexy aoea ac. O oaac e opa capo ecoeco ac.


















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