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ABA VII

KOMMHM XPCTAHCTBO

2

Oe ae eepa, ae o-ac [5] . K poo oe cyoe . Ec eep poco aa oy oycecoe pocoepae, ce o co. Ho ooee eo pcacy oe, e y epax oyco, epoo o coey pooy o xoe coxpa eoop ooe cc a xpcac, peo pooaa eo xpcacy . Eo ooee xpcacy aoae ooee ceaa paoacec-opacecoo a. Bce, o eep oop o xpcace, ceecye o o, o o coce e e oa yxoo ceco copo xpcaa. epo eo ceo ec ee coaoe, opeeeoe cpeo apaeoe ce oe ococyx cop . yxoo copo ep o ecocoe ye. Pe o o cpaa, oop oo cypyec, o ee oce ceo . eep cae ecoe, o eoe pocxo o oeoopaoo pea, . . ee ooe pocxoee. Coopayc c ococye oaeo coeco Pocc ocoe, o, oeo, co a aeeco oe pe, xo ceo ycoe eeca e e o. eep paocao ep e cpoy op (a oop, oeo, o e ac), c c oapxec ocyapco pacoe ey noee, oop yxoeca. cea occopooc eepa e ooe ey oycoa ey o cace eo . eoc pcaca eo ceo opa opaa coao . paocae oaaec opo xpaca, e coae coe opa e e a yyee coao . poea peoa eo oaaec ooaeo oo coao oe. ooy e opoca o ce. o ec ao-cacoc paa, oop oe ycyec y eepa oop cyoc poope oycecoy pocoepa, peeyey a ae acoo c. eep aooe pyccoo oya aaa, o o coce e epa oyc, eo pocoepae eecoe. eep oae .Tocoo , o-oy, coe oa xpcaco a, a oa eo .Toco, .e. pee ceo opa. o ec acee ceacoo xpcaca eepa. Ca coe ya, o .Toco poyee xpcaco coec aoceeo xpcaco pe o eo pe copecoo xpcaca o oo pa. oop ye, o y .Tocoo ee pyccoo a, oope ea eo o peeceo pyccoo oya. Ho eooo oca cea o o, oopoy, o-oy, coec eep, o oy ocyece e Tocoo. Koyceca eoo, ocoeo paa, opo poooo ye Tocoo. Koy ec paee poee ace, pa a, yeee execo ae ycpe, opae ececeoo paca e, oopaoc o eocpeceo c c ee, cpeee peooo aaa . ee .Tocoo ec yee o epoe ace, aapxecoe opae ocyapca, execo a ycp, pae ececeoo paca e, c c ee, yepee peooo aaa .

B cox aaex a pooe paocao ep Pooc eep aco ae aec pa. He eo ee, a oaa, o cop ep, ooe cop xpcaca, ec aeo cee cop eoeecx pexo, e, ae, eccoecoo oopa. Co pee Koaa epo e coo oaeaa apco ecap, coo oac apcy ecap. cop pe, cao c coao cpeo, c coa ye epeca, cea aaa oe eca a cee, e cop pe, cao c opoee yxoo . Ho oo yxoa caoc ceoa, oo oaeoc yxa ee cpeo po oca oy ae, o aoo opoe e, o yxooo pa e. eccopo epo, a coa cy, a Pocc oea ae opaoea ocyapcy. ea acoc ep o ocyapca a e o epoc epo, oa ococ epo. eccopo ae, o yxoeco Pocc o yeo aco ooe o oo yepo coe pyooee aee, ocoeo co pee pacoa. Ocoeo o ypoe ecoaa. Eco, oope epo aapcoo a oac ococ epo e yxoo pyooee aee, pepac oo, yepaopo, oyax e e paeax apeax. Eco ooeo peceoa cape, . e. e aoee yxox, coe poee caoo peoo . Aaooe ee aoeco ep. eccopo, o a pex pooo paocao ep pxoc pacaac peo. epoe e o oaac o ce copeco ep co cap peo. Ho coae ceo oo e ee opaa aae. poec po paeo oe ep capoy apcy ecap a e oe ec peoa paeo oe ep ooy apcy ecap, xo oo eoao ce . p ce aeco epoc ooo oo, o oop eep o paca o oo o caa o poo aoa poecaa eo oee cyee ooo paae c epcey. o eeo, ooy o eepa e cyecye yxa yxoo . paocaa epo coc eo ceo e opooc, opoep ocaa capx . Coycye o ceo paoacec cea. Ho ecoaa a yy pyccoo apoa, oppoaa y yy copoea yxoa paoca, a e e, oaa epooc. Hapaco eep co ypecy ep eey opy, ey-o poe cyeepo a, a o pe a e ec yxoa ya, ec oopaee eeco , ee Xooa o ep, . e. yee o coopoc cooe, pecaec eepy yoe, oopa e oa e a peaoaa, oo ooy, o eo peaoc cepaec peco aoc, o o e cocoe o cyecoa eoo oooeco cce pa, oop axoc a po pec, poooaaec ey ece c e ecye e. ooy ep o pyy pexoy p e ee eaoo opaa, . e. cecoo ea Xpcoa. Bc pycca opeca peoa XIX XX ea, aa c Xooa caoo o cee aaa XX ea, oa pex pycco copeco ep epeo oop oee pee e, e eep. paocaoy xpcay ocoecoy pae coo, o pycca epo apae. He ye pycc oy, eepa, o oapy yey o ooe ep co cap ocyapco. o cea oe peo oop , oope epy ae ca ce copoa eao oapx Xoo, .Caap, .Acao, ocoec, B.Coe oe . Pycca opeca peoa c, aa c Xooa, coa a yx peoo peopa a paocao . Oee po yxoo epapx, ocoeo ecaa, ec cao ooe ee y ex pecaee paoca, oope eo oeo e e c ceaco. Heoopo oac e oo cea, o e pycce peoe ce, oop eep coe e paa aoo ae. Ho eep eo e oop o opoo ooeo coao po ep aapc epo, o e pee Pyc, e oop o ooex ex pycco . O e oae, o pyccoe paocae, yoe opaa, oe oo ypee ocao y ex pyccx e, oope coa o eo oo, o ao ye pyccoo apoa cae apca oeo pa Eo, po eoeoc cocpaaeoc, co opaec pycco epaype. eep e oae, o, ec epeco acoe ep coc, ep oa, o oya o o o xpcaca coeo eca oc. Peo Pocc peecoa yao oao ep, ocaee xpcaco apoe. Ta cea ae. opae paocae aco coo eopa . B aae XX ea peo peeccac pocxo y ac oe yo pyy ee e coo apoo , coo yypo . ooy, a ye oop, o coao eece. Pacy coo yxooo paoe capoo pa ceeco o yxoo eeoc . Ho eep coepeo eepo oae oeae ce pycce peoo-ococe e, ope o e oe oec eoy, oaoy paoca.

pee ceo eep eepo yopee ep oocaeco, oop e pe ee, coa ce opeeeo xpcac. oop o eo-xpcaax ep oyc, ocoo pe e o xpcaax, oope ep oooc oo opeco ox xpcace eep pce B.Poaoa, eccopo eaoo ce cae, o opeeeoo paa xpcaca, oopoo copee oo o aa eo-o. Moo o yaa oo eooce oe eepa, o cop aea a e yxoe e, o oopx e, cy co cyapo e paae oeo yax ocoeoce. Hyo poe caa, o c eoe, pce oco oya, epe cocooc paa yaoe. eo eep ooaeo eaeo e oae, o ocao poe oc xpcaco . ay pa oc o o-oy ooece c yao oo. O o-oy yae, o oa Eaee pae oa co a py co, o oo caaec po pa oc. Ho pae eycoo eoc co eoeeco oc, a opaa oo oeo, eoycoc opae c eoeeco oc, a co cpeco opye, e ocoe xpcaca. eo xpcaco y, o eoeeca ya co opoe cex apc pa, xpcaco ecoeo aeo o coy yaoy eoey eo yao . eoe, cea ya eoope, xpcaca oee epa yoa peaoc, e oeco. ee oe aco oe epoa coe o, o e oc, oc cee o oe peaoa epa ec ycoe peaa oc. eo oc paa eo , ec aoeae eoc. oc ec yxoo-peoa aeop oaae aay ocaey epe eoeo. oc ec coce oe, e yy, oop ec aeop ooeca coooeca, oea ac poa oeca. oc e e oe ac eo-o, e oo oeca, o pa, oa ec eoe [6] . yo coe oa pae py yxooy, a e . Bc opaeoc epaa oyceco oco caa c eoae poe oc. o pepaae oy cy eyapyy, paey eoey. oeca, coacecoo oeca, coaoo acca, poeapaa, eaec yp, o, a pea eoe opaec.

oe caa ecoo co o eepo cooa eepo ox o. Eo o coae yopeea o epoo, coa apcopa, ooe cpeeeoe . . O cae e copoo eoao apcopa, o o ceo. Copoa eoao apcopa ay oxy yo o pa . B eceoc c copoo ecacooo oeca, . e. o ooe aoee o oyy. Ho p o e c copoo apcopaecoo aaa, a aeceoo aaa eoeeco oece, eo oo, a e accooo cocooo aeceoo aaa, . e. copoo yxooo apcopaa. Kaccoe epaeca o peooe eoeeco oece, o e epaeca o oo oo cee c. eoe oe oac o eoea o co aeca, a e o coey coaoy ooe, accooy cocooy. Kaeceoe, . e. oe apcopaecoe aao e o e oe cey eoeecoo oeca, o oo a pa aoee c oece eccaccoo, oa acco ye e ye, o acc apa acpy e aecee pa ey , ea x e pea, a coec. Bcee ooee oece eoe aa e cy x aec coeo yxooo apcopaa, a cy co, oopy cooaa ey paeoc accy coco. c copoo xpcacoo epcoaa, a coce e yaa, oop paee py oc. B oece ypyao-aaceco oc oeaec epyec, paccapaec, a ao. ya pooooe xpcaco ee oe e, peaa e oc peoaae oee e. Koa oop, o p e ooy cpeeeo, o o coce e oaae opaa capoy cpeee ye eee ceo eoay. o ec ooaee a oeca, oopo ye cpeee eococ ecy, poooooc yay oo cop, ye opocae ae peooo aaa, xo ope ocye apeooc. eep ae coce e oae oo poea pycco peoo c. a poeaa, e papa c c ypee, yxoo pae paocao ep, opaea opec aaa xpcaca pe. Ocpo caac poea xpcaco apooo c c xpcaco apoooe poea xpcaco yyp xpcacoo . Pycca opeca peoa c oca e oaeoeeca; ooo oy, a cyce Xpce ooeoee pooo yaoe ooee oa eoee, xpcaco eoeece oo poo oeoe, coopoe ooee oa. ooeoeeco ec pooee ooooe. o ca poey ooe Xpcoo c pa a eoeeca, eoeeco yype . e ooeoeeca, a cyoc xpcaca, ao pacpaac aao xpcaco, c ec opa opoee pycco xpcaco c. Xpcaca oco oaec, a oco ooeoeeca, xpcooeca. B e peooeac pa peeco cxoaceco c, a paoaceco c ooo pee. Bc a poeaa coepeo ya eoa eepy. B aece paaca coaoo yapca o cy o aeoc eoc e yxa c ceo o a coa peyaa. Ho pe oy oe ayae e coepeo paee yxy c, oa eoe ae poe ceo o e ocyece oe ae aa, o e, e oe yoe aee aa yxa c. poeaa pycco peoo c opaea oee oaeoy yyey, oa acye ooece opoc yy pee, oa opaea e.

eep epe o co ay a aaey y epo o ae e, oeo, oe peyeco epe apape paocao epo. Ey aec, a o aaoc a aae, o ee o ep ec o-o poe pycco peopa, o oa a poecay. o oa. Haoo peopaooo e o pe peo y ac e o. Pyooe o ep, oopa ceac oepa coe aee, e cx opecx peox e. o o pcocoee ac paocaoo yxoeca cyecye ac, e peopa, a oop. Ty caaac pa capoo paca epoo epapx y ocyapceo ac. oepo ooy ye e acya aoo yae, o o ea ooc a apapxa epapxo apape ep, aac epo oae pcoco ac y, o e c c ..., oopoe aao pe o ep. o occaaao capoe ooee ey epo ocyapco, pe oep-poypopo e ... Hoa aoe ooee peopaooe ee e aaoc c pccoe oopa, c ooco oaa, oo aaoc c oo, o eo aaa ca ec ep, a e ea epa pyx. oepooe ee ax ox peox e e eo, oo eo pyoo e oopo poe oo, o epo oa pcococ coeco ac. Ho o e ec peoa e. oepo e occ ae o o e, o oye ec xpcaca paa. x epecoa e oy, a ac. epyc opao oee paax peox e, e oepo, oee x ep oy opecy oxy xpcace, ooe e yxa C. a eoea. Ho oepoa ooyc coepeo opaeo, ooy o ca aoo poa oop peoo eoyc. paocaa ep Pocc oa ycao ao-o oopa c cyecye ac, o aec cea poo Cep. epo e oe aac oeco opo c ee o c oope cx co cap peo. Ho epo oa oac a apco ecap. Ocyee epo aacecoo pea, pae epo pa coaa pyooo oeca ca eo . Ho p coeco pee o epe c peo cc, o pepaaec oee peoa ...

3.

M oxo ocoo poee oya, poee ooe ey eoeo oeco. eep paee ce caoc oyceco ocao oycecoo pee o poe, .. eo e poe eoea ee ye. Ka o y Mapca? Mapc aeae coooo, o oe ca apoooo. Mapc ca poey oeca, o e ca poey eoea, eo eoe ec y oeca, execa y oo. Oeco ec epoeoe, eoe e ec . Taoe yee eoea axoc paeo poope c oe yee Mapca o oeece (VedingIichung) eoeeco , o eyaa. eo ocaec opea ycceoc: ec pepaee eoea y ooecoo poecca pex, o pooo, aaceco cyaa o ec oo . Pea, o co cyae, ec o a, o epa oa ocyece oya a oe apca, oopy Pcc, ae paccapa eoea, a y oo, ae eyapye eoeecy , a aacec cpo. ooy oo epeopoa o cepo cop, a oop aec Mapc ec, e pooo, ey e a, oy peeye e oo a coae ooo oeca, o a coae ooo eoea. oo eoee, o oo yeo cpyype oo oop coeco Pocc, o o oop ocpa, oceae coecy Pocc. Ho o eoe o c o cyae, ec eoea ca ce eoc. Ec eoea paccapa ce a p cpoeca oeca, ec cpeco ooecoo poecca, o pxoc oop e coo o e ooo eoea, coo o ceoe eoea, . e. o yye poecca eyaa. eoe oaaec e epe y, o pepaaec yepoe, ococoe cyeco. Ho eoe ye o cyae, ec eoe ee epee y, ec o ec yxooe cyeco, ae ooe eoea e, a ec oecea y. eoe coe epe y pace e oo pee, o eoc. Ec eoe eo poe poecc pee, ec e e eo o eoc eoc, o opa eoea, opa oc e oe yepa. Koy coe aepacec-aececo ope eo oe eoea ooy pee, eoe pexo oe po6oo pee a oe ec cpeco oceyeo oea. ooy eoe oaaec e ypeeo cyecoa, eoeeca eyapyec. Mapc oapyae poecc yaa. Mapca, ocoeo y oooo Mapca, oa e c ee ce eeoo eaa, oooc ooo yaa. O aa c occa po eyaa. Ho ae o ca oaac yee poecco eyaa, ooe eoey oy yaceoa pex aaa. B pycco apce-ee o poecc eyaa oe ee ae o oycoe ce ocaoo ooe pyccoo oya. B pycc oy o e pa pyccoo yaa, eeo xpcace co, a pyccoo ayaa, caoo c pycc ocyapce acoo, cea paccapa eoea, a cpeco. Mapc cae o ye opy. Hooe oeco, o eoe poaec o apoca a , ya ooo eoea opayec opaex aeo, eac, ec, aceca. o eoaa ee apce, op ca aeo. o aeec epexo opo, a ce. e oe pace ce, o cococye poeapco peo, pyoo opeee pa o e ae. Oca ee, o e opaae cpeca, ce cpeca. Hpace oe eoeeco epe coe caocoeoe aee. o ec ecoea eyaa. e, oopo opaac ce cpeca, ec e eoe, e o eoe, e ooa eoeoc, a oa opaa oeca. eoe ec cpeco o oo opaa oeca, a e oa opaa oeca cpeco eoea.

cxec oyca opeeec pee ceo e, o eo p peo paeec a a poooox aep Opya Apaa, apco cea apco e cx oeo. o o axec ya, oop p o ooeo oyec oceca opo. apco poeapaa ec ceoe apco Opya, apco e ypya eoe apco Apaa. pecae eoo apca ce ooeo cpee eoo apca. aa, eepoc, ecooc aceco oyca po paeoo a opeeec e, o o ycye ce ocae epe apco caa e oe epeoc oo . Ho p o o aoc opaeo acoc o apca caa, o a, o aaa ypya. O e oe e paa, e opaex yc oy pay, o epe aoc, oa paa e. ec paa e, paa yo ya. poecc peee ca c o opeoc coa accooo . Ec acco pa ce ooaeo oy eo o ocyec, o oycec aoc oe ce . Peoo aoc aeo cee ca c opae ooee pooy. oa cac opoc, ao epe oy eceo pae yyey opae yyey. eccopo o oee opae yyey, e a, oop y coce ec epexooe ee, c oyo caa poa poea. Ho oye co ca acoc o pooo, ea eac pooy, o co poa y aaa ypya. Koyc e oy oe eac o x aa . Heac cea opaea pooy cea ac o pooo. eoe oxa aeo eac e oe opae yyey, oo . Too o opaae eoea yyey, ocooae o eo coaoc po ec coo opeca oo, ye . B oycax ec cpaoe peoaae eac a o. He eo a x oo y a o, o y epa oo pooo. yx oya, pe oya, oco oya axpcace ayacece. Ho coao-ooeco ccee oya ec oa o pa, oopa oe oe coacoaa c xpcaco, o co cyae oee, e aaceca ccea, oopa ec caa axpcaca. Koy pa pe aaa. e aa aaa oa epay oya, o ea oee peeo pay oya. Hepay oycecoo yxa, epay yxooo paca oy oa e xpcae, oope e oy aoope ae epeco ypyao-aacecoo pa. eo aaceca ccea pee ceo paaae oc eyapye eoeecy , pepaae eoea e oap, e ooae aa o cce oa oyco opa oc eyaa eoeeco . eo ycpao-aaceca oxa oa eoea ac oo ee e ooae ee aea y oyco eaeco ce, o e o xee eo ye eoe. Bopoc o xee e ec opoc aepa, o opoc o xee ox x, cex e, ec yxo, peo opoc. He o xee eo ye eoe, o ae o xee, xe oe cex. Oeco oo opaoao a, o xe cex oa eo yxo opoc pecae epe eoeo o ce coe ye. Heoyco ocoa opy a yxoe epec yxooe opoee a o, o xe aeo ac eoeeca e ye oecee. o , cpaeo a aececy pea opae yxa. Xpcae o poyc peo yaee eeap, acy ya e, opoo acc e, a e pepa y c o pe yxoo o. Koy ec eoe oyee xpca, aco aoae o Xpce Eae, o poeeco eee xpcace.

B ooe xoceo oo ycao a poooox pa. O p ac: xoceo pecey co epec o ye cococoa xoceoy pa eoo, o ye oo oeca, a, ocyapca. Taoa ypyaa eoo xoca. pyo p ac: xceo cy py, oecy, eoy oa oy ce, o ee yo . Bpo p yepae oy o eo paoa. Coepeo co, o opo p ooe xoceo oee cooecye xpcacy, e ep. ep p co e axpcac, a axpcac ec pcoe oe o coceoc. ypyaa oeca oo, yaa ooecoo eoea ee ooece ao, cae opo p yoec. Ho ooec eoe pexo. oe ooa oa oa pya, oee cooecya ococy eoea. Oo co: poea a e oe poeo oo opaa oeca, oa eeo ec poea oo yeo cpyyp eoea, poea ooo eoea. Ho o eoe e oe pooe exaec ye, o e oe aoaec peyao eco opaa oeca. Hoa yea cpyypa peoaa yxooe epeocae eoea. Ha poey epeoca oy pye opa ooe ae, o y eo e oo yxox c. He coa ooo eoea ooe oeco, o xocey oae eo oo ocyapca. o ec e coaa xoca, a ppaa xoca. Koy o ope, ao o c Pocc, ec pa . o ec ee yoa eaaa, oop a ce aaae co a. Coecoe ocyapco, a ye oop, ec eceoe pe oceoaeoe, o oa oeeoe oaapoe ocyapco. o ec pacopa e oaa pooo, oa opa capo epp ocyapca pycco cop. Ho oae xoceo , a coaoo cye, coce e oaae pepae coo xoceoo cyea oa, e oaae pa ocyapca ece xoce cyeo. eccopo ac poeoc, aoee pyo, oa epe ocyapcy, o apy c xoce cyeo oa paa ooepa e, pyoo ca oe eoe, ocae opaae oeca yco, cae oooc cyaa cox x. ocyapco p o ye e opoe ocpeece y, pae e oyca yee eoea eoeo. B o aay e xo opoo ocaaac a x opocax. Bao oo oe, o a e ec eceo opo oo opaa oeca. oee cooecye cooe eoeecoo yxa e oceca, a paceca coaa ccea. Moceca coaa ccea cea ee pa yee eoeeco oc. Mo apccco cce ec ee a ee. Mo oaapoo ocyapca o co cyae ecoec c xpcaco, o pepaae ocyapco epo. peco epoeca opa xpca po acox pa apca ecap, oye ae. B o ope xpcaco oe occ ocooc o ea apca ecap, oopa e a ep co pee . Xpcco pecaec e coe c ceo, oopy aa cceo epcoacecoo coaa, coeeo p oc, a epxoo eoc, c po paco ooc e. p o eoxoo ea pae, oopoo e eae oy, pae ey ocyecee cpaeoc oeceo , peoaa oe pye, ocyecee paca e, x ooo oe oya, peoaa cooy eoea ece aoa,

xoe oaa coe e, o pycc oy oee paoe, e ooeo ya, ec pacopa eopa capo pycco eccaco e. Koy aao Epoe coepeo py ee, ecop a cxoco apccco . C paoo-pycc xapaepo oya ca eo ooee opaee copo: c oo copo cae apca oeo eoco pa, cocooc epe ocyce ypyaoc, c pyo copo acoa ocyapca eco, caoe coae pa eoea oacoc eoo oea. pyx cpaax oy, cyae o eo ocyece, oe eee ecoec ooe o ce ooe eoeeco , eee eoc, eee peey pee, oee ceyp oee ypya o cey yxy. poeaa oya cococye poye xpcaco coec oa pec pacp opecoo coaoo xpcaca e cce oa xpcca, a coao pe, a cce pap xpcaco pa ooe coao . o ye oaa ocooee o coao paca, oopo axoc xpcacoe coae. Mp epeae oacoc eyaa eoeeco , oyaa caoo eoea. Caoe cyecoae eoea axoc o oacoc co copo cex poecco pocxox pe. poc o oacoc oe oo yxooe ypeee eoea. Koa xpcaco ooc pe, o oo ao eoea o oacoc, cao c eooape. eoe axoc o ac ocecx c, epax eo eoo yxo ppo. Xpcaco yxoo cocpeooo eoea oo cyy eo oy. Ta oooea a oooc ac eoea a . Teep xpcaco o pao a eoea, eo eo opa o o epae eo eooap, o opaoe eo cap ocec o exec ca. Ho o oe cea xpcaco opoeoe, opecoe, epoe coey popoecoy yxy, opaeoe apcy oey.

Koe.

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[1] C. e o

[2] C. poca a pe po pe .

[3] o ypae o .

[4] C, Gerard Walte Les oigines du Communisme.

[5] C. Julius Hecke Religion and Communism Moscow-Diologues.

[6] C. y p oeo. ap, 1934.


















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