. . : ,

... , , , , , ... . , , .

13.

, 1. , , . , , , , 2. , , , , , , , , , , .
, . .

98

, , . , , . , , , . . , . . . , . , , . , , , 3 , .
, . , , . , , . . , , , . , (, , , . (destructive) 4). . 5.
? , . , , . . , , , . -

99

, .
, , ? ? , , , , , , , . , - , . , , , . , . , 6, . 7, . , , , [] , : ... . , . ( ) . . , . , , . , , . , 8 , -

100

, !. , . . . . , , . , .
, . , , 9, . , , , , , , .
, , , , , , . , , . , , , . , , , , . . . , , . . . , , , . , 10.
, , , , , .

101

, , , , , , -, . , , . , ! - . , , , , . , , , , 11. , , , .
, , , . , , , , , , . , . , . . , , , , , , 12.
, , , , . , , , , , , , . , , .

102

, , , . , . , , . . , , , .
, , , , . , , , . , , . . , , , , . , , . , , , , . ( 13), .
, . , . , , , , , . ,

103

, - . , , ""14, ... , . . , , , , . , , - . , , , , . , , , ( , , ), , . . , , , , , . , ; . .
, . ( 1848 . .) , , . , , . . -

104

. . . ( .) , ... . . 15, . , , , , (, , ) . . , : 16, , : , , . : , , . , , . , , . . 17, ... , - , , , . ( , , , . . , , .)

105

, , laissez-faire . . , , , , , , , . , , , 18. , , , , . , , . () 19. , , . . , 20, , ... ... , , . , , , .
, . , . . , . .

13

. , , Capital . . ., . Capital . Marx. Capital. Everyman Double Volume Edition. Introduction by G. D. H. Cole. Translated by Eden and Cedar Paul. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dut-ton, 1930 (reprinted 1932, 1934); H. . . A Handbook of Marxism. Edited by E. Burns. London, Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1935. , , . . . , . . Gesamtausgabe ( GA), 1927 ., . . . Little Lenin Library, Martin Lawrence, Lawrence and Wishart ( L. L. L).
, 1867 . . , Capital , , . 1885 1894 ., Das Kapita! , , .. Das Kapital, II, ; Das Kapital, III/l, , Das Kapital, III/2, . , , , , .
** . . 2- , , (, 23; 117) : . , . . . . . 23, . 117. . . , (, 33; 18) : . . . . . 33, . 18. . .**
1 . V. Pareto. Treatise on General Sociology, 1843 ( : The Mind and Society, 1935, vol. III, p. 1281; . . 65 . 10). . (. 1281 .): , , . . , , ... . , , , . , , ; , , .
, -, , . , , ,

375
. . , , , , , . ( . . 8 (1) . 24 .)
, , . ( . 18 . 8).
2 (1) , , , , . ( . , , A. Zimmern (d.) Modern Political Doctrines. London, New York, Toronto, 1939, p. 223 .) , , , (.. ) , . . , , ; , , . , . , , - . ( . . 7 . 9 . 51-64 . 12.)
(2) , , , . , , , . , :
(a) : , , .
(b) : , , . ( , .)
(c) .
(d) ,
, , . ( .)
() , , , . ( 22.)
(f) , . ( , .)

376
(g) . .
(h) , (h1) (h2), , .
(h1) , , . , .. .
(h2) .
() . () (6) . . 13 . (b) . 22-24. () . 22 25. (d) . 22 ( . . 84 . 12). (f) . 16 19. (g) . . 4 , . 6 . 17, . 13 15, . 15 19 . 20-24 . 20 . (h1) . . 19 . 17. (h2) (. . 16 . 14).
, -- , . : . , . ( , (f) ., , . 4 . 18.) .
3 Capital, 387-389 (, 23; 378-379)
(.
. 29 . 5 )
. ( , , ,
; . . 27 . 4.) (, 23;
379) , 15 ., 224/225,
,
(. . 29 . 5).
: ... []
... , ,
, - ,
...
, . ,
,
, , ,
, ,
(. . 27 (3) . 4). ** ,
, , , .
, , .... .
. **
4 (intelligence destroying) .
. 68 . 12.
, , . 12, . 28-33.
,

377
(. What is Dialectic? // Mind, New Series, vol. 49, 1940, p. 403 .; Conjectures and Refutations, p. 312 .). , , , , , , .
5 ., , . 11 .
6
, III, 3 (. . . ., 55 . = GA,
Series I, vol. 6, 553-555) (, 4; 455-457).
,
(, 23; 17), .. ,
. .
, ., , Capital, 868 ( . . ; .
. 14 ) 870 ( Revue
Positiviste; . . 21 . 18).
versus , (piece
meal) versus .,
, 9 (. . 9 . 3; . 18 (3) . 5 . 1
. 9; . Eastman. Marxism: is
it Science?).
7 (1) S.
and . Webb. Soviet Communism. 2nd ed., 1937, p. 650 .
, ,
1918 . , .

1917 . ,
.
,
,
(.,
, . . ., 757 .
(= V. I. Lenin. State and Revolution, L. L. L, vol. 14, pp. 77-79) (,
33; 100-102)).

. , ,
, . ,
* ( )
(, 33; 101).
,
... ( , . 101).
. (
, , .
(2).)
, .
,
- . (
,
.)

.

378
, . . 2 3 V . . ., 742 . (= State and Revolution, pp. 67-73) (, 33; 40-50), , .. (, . . . ., 747 ( = State and Revolution, pp. 70-71) (, 33; 45-48)) .
, - , , , , , -, . , . (A. Menger. Neue Staatslehre. 2nd ed., 1904, . 248 .) . - . , , , (. Allgemeine Naehrpflicht, 1912, . . 206 . . 300 . , 1923). . , , . , . -, .
(2) , , , , , (J. Carruthers. Socialism and Radicalism, pp. 14-16; . . 9 . 9). . : , , , , . , , , , , .
8 ( (L. Blanc, L'orrganisation de travail), ). (. . 29 . 5; , 2, 44-45 4, 34-35, . . 48 . 24 , ). . . . ., 752 (= State and Revolution, 74) (, 33; 95). , 1936 , , , . , 12 : : " , ".

379
, , .
9 . . ( Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (, 19; 185-230).
10 . The Poverty of Historicism // Economica. New Series,
vol. 11, NN 42, 43, 1944; (. Pop
per. The Poverty of Historicism. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul; Boston, Mass.,
The Beacon Press, 1957).
11 (1845)
. . . ., 231 (= F. Engels. Ludwig Feuerbach und der Ausgang der
klassischen Deutchen Philosophie. Berlin, J. W. Dietz, Nachf., 1946, S. 56)
(, 3; 4). . . 14-16 1, 17 18
The Poverty of Historicism.
12 -
. (
22.) ,

. ,
, .
, . Human Affairs (Ed. by Cattell, Cohen and
Travers, 1937, ch. XII).
,
, ,
(., , . 207 ., pp. 221-
224).
(op. cit., p. 212; . . 252),
, .,
. , ,
, .
, .
13 . The Poverty of His
toricism // Economica, New Series, vol. 11, 1944.
, ( , . . . . . Huxley. Lay Sermons, 1880, p. 214) . . , , . , , , ( ). , , . (, , , . .)
, , . , ,

380
, (. 23). , (. . 7 . 25 ).
14 Capital, 864 ( ) (, 23; 10). (
. . . . 16 .)
:

(. . ., 374) (, 23; 10). (. . 16
.)
,
(
. 11 ). The Poverty of Historicism,
17, ,
,
. . ,
,
:
.
, ,
(. 22, . 5).
15 Capital, 469 (, 23; 448).
Capital, 868, 673, 830 (, 23; 17, 625, 759).
(** , Capital
,
.
. . . **) shallow syncretism
( )
. (**
. geistloser Synkretismus, .
insipid, brainless syncretism,
.
. . ,
, (, 23; 17).
. . **)
., , Capital, 105, 562,
649, 656 (, 23; 135, 526, 604, 610).
16 Capital, 864 = . . ., 374 (, 23; 10). . . 14
. J. S. Mill. A
System of Logic (1st ed., 1843; 8th ed.), VI, . X, 2
(); 1 (); 1 () ( : .
.
. .,
. . , 1914, . 830, 829; ** ...
. .
.
. **) ( ,
, . 14)
..., 8.
,
, :

381
, , , , , ecmec , , , ( ) ( : . . , , . 846-847). , , .
17 . J. S. Mill, op. cit., VI, . X, 3 ( :
. . , , . 830-832).
3.
3. , ,
-,
, , ,
. (N. Machiavelli.
Discourses on Livy).
18 J. S. Mill, loc. cit., 3 ( :
. . , , . 832).
. . . . 6-9 . 14 The Poverty of
Historicism, 22, 24, 27, 28.
19 (
. )
. . : D. Katz. Psycho
logical Needs // Human Affairs. Ed. by Cattell, Cohen and Travers, 1937, ch. III,
p. 36:
"" ...
... ,
,
, ....
14 (. . 44 . 5).
20 .
(1859) = . . ., 371 (= Karl Marx. Zur Kritik der politischen
Oekonomie. Ed. by K. Kautsky. Berlin, J. W. Dietz, Nachtf., 1930, S. LIV-
LV) (, 13; 6). (. 175 . Capital, XV
.) ,
. 13 . 15 . 4 . 16; . . I . 14
.


















sitemap:
. , , .