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17
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25
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47
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49
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53
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1 "" .

"Reponse" ("")
, Derrida: a critical reader / D. Wood
(ed.). - Oxford (UK), Cambridge (USA): Basil Blackwell.
.
, , , ,
. -
,
: , ,
. : Geoffry Bennington,
Robert Bemasconi, Michel Haar, Yrene Harvey, Manfred Frank, Yohn Llewelyn,
Yean-Luc Nancy, Christopher Norris, Richara Rorty, Yohn Sallis, DavidWooi
2
" " "
"? ,
,
: "
... ,
; (in silence, - - . .)
. ...
,
,
, ". ( :
Bibliotheque de la Pleiade. / Y.G. Le Dantec (dir.).
55

-P. 7- 10. ["Yet to calculate is not in itself to analyze. [...] But it is in
matters beyond the limits of mere rules that the skill ofthe analyst is evinced.
He makes, in sulence, a host of observations andinferences. So, perhaps do his
companions. [...] It will be found, in fact, that the ingenious are always
fanciful, and the truly imaginative never otherwise than analytic".]).
" " ""
, "
" (the reason par exellence), "
" "" "
". , ,
, " ".
, , , -,
" ", , -.
, ()
: [ : "
" ("at an obscure library in the rue
Montmartre"), " -" ("in a
retired and desolate portion of the faubourg St. German"), " ,
33", ("in this little back library, or book-closet, 33 rue Dunot, Faubourg St.
German)] , . ,
, ,
- - , ,
,
,
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(), ..
3 " ,
, ,
( sans-facon du moi), -
56

, ", (op.cit., trad, p.
11) (" I was deeply interested in the little family history which he detailed to
me with all the candor whith a Frenchman indulges whenever mere self is tthe
theme"). -, -,
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57
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("Schlechtesgewisseno) , ("und Verwandtes").
(2) "
(die lange Geschichte der Herkunft der Verantwortlichkeit)"
(4) , " ,
-
58
, , , "" (
Beispil jener moralische Hauptbegriff"Schuld")
"" ("Schulden")". (6): "
: (Grausamkeit)..."
He " ",
,
, , ,
(, ).
, -
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, ["Le Vocabulaire des
institutions indoeuropeennes" (1), Paris: Minuit, 1969, . 16: ",
", "Lien de vie, noeud mortel. Les represenations de la
dette en Chine, au Japon et dans le monde indien" Paris: EHESS, 1988.].
, , ,
, .
(op.cit., . 185 - 186), (. cit., p. 7,
8, 13, 14).
.
(1). : " debeo "devoir" -
de + habeo, , ,
- dehibui (, ).
debeo? , : " -
( ) -"; , ,
. ;
, debere aliquid alicui.
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" " ("devoir") " ".
, "" aes alienum,
" , , -
59
". Debere " " :
.
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. -, : ,
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-".
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"). mutuus ,
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muto , mutuus
. us, , ,
,
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"" "", ,
. (pecunia),
, ".
(2). : " , ,
, , -
60
"devoir" ( , ),

, , " ".
, "devoir" (
, ), , "
, " ,
, , (" ");
, "dette" (),
, - ,
"devoir": - "", ,
""; "dette" () debitum, ,
debere "devoir",
"dette" ().
"dette" : ,
. Schuld
"" "", schuldig - "" "".
, Schuld skuld,
skuld, (" ", " ");
opheilo, ,
" ". , skal, (
) sollen "
()" shall, ,
,
"devoir" .
, ,
, .
,
...
,
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61
,
, , "devoir"
( , )
. ,
, , .
: "devoir"

. , , ,
( ,
), ,
...
, "r" - :
, "r" (, )
"re" ( ) ,
"Glaubiger" ""
"". "faire credit" (, )
"croire" () , ,
"devoir" ( , ) "etre en dette" ( )...

, , , " ",
, ,
. "rn" ()
, ,
"Schuld", ""
"", "rn"
, "reus" (, ).
,
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, - . ,
.
62

,
,
...
, ,
" ", ,
-, ,
,
".
5 : cap (""),
capital (""), la capitale (""), front ("") [ "front"
- , " " "
" "faire front" () - , , ""
( ) (forehead), ", "] "frontiere"
(""), "L'Autre Cap"
"La Democratie ajournee" (Paris, Minuit, 1991). "jetee"
(", , "), cf. ".Forcener le subjectile, etude pour les
dessim etportraits d'Antonin Artaud", Paris: Gallimard, 1986, "Some Statements
and Truisms" // D.Carroll (ed.) The States of"Theory",N.Y., Columbia Univ.
Press, 1970.
6 . . .
, ( -),
, "" "".
.
"" (secret) "" (mystere),
"" (probleme). , ,
problema : ", "
", ", ,
,
- . ,
, ,
,
63
, .
. ,
, ,
; , .
, : ", (
kheires), ! ,
! , , ,
, ,
[] (...labon problema sautou paidia...),
, ... ,
, ,
- , ; , !..
. , , ,
? ,
,
? , -
?" (. ..: . 1008-1035; trad. P. Maizon, J. Irigoin, ed. G.
Bude).
7
"" (secret), "" (stricture), "" (passion) ""
(Eucharistie), "Glas", Paris: Galilee, 1974, . 60 .
8 , , "" ,
. "Marges" ("loxos" de "Tympan")
"Glas" . "Force de
loi": "Fondement mystique de 1'autorite" "Deconstruction
and the Possibility of Justice", Cardozo Law Review, New York, 11 (5-6), 1990,
. 920,934,944-947. , D. Comell, M. Rosenfeld,
D. Gray Carlson (eds.). Deconsrruction and the Justice, New York, London.,
Routledge, 1992 "Du droit a la philosophie", Paris, Galilee, 1990,
, . 71 . clinamen, . "Mes chances: au
rendez-vous de quelques
64
stereophonies epicuriennes" // Confrontation. - Paris, printemps 1988.
9 He ,
, 28 1991 . ,
( "Oblique", OED [Oxford English
Dictionary], )
. , ""
, , , .
,
"",
( , , aut...aut vel, , ,
, )
() , , "to preise" "to bury"
("...remit, , is neither to prise nor to bury Derrida, but..."
( ?).
28 1991 ("germ of a
passion"): "Dear Jacques, As you will see, I have taken you at your/my word,
using my phrase an oblique oner-ing' to describe what you agreed would be the
only appropriate mode of entry into this volume. It is hardly surprising,
perhaps, that the most oblique entry into this collection of already oblique
offering would be the most vertical and traditional autocritique, or confession,
or levelling with the reader (see eg. S. Kierkegaard's "A first and Last
Declaration" at the end of "Concluding Unscientific Postcript":
"Formally and for the sake of regularity I aknowledge herewith (what in fact
hardly anyone can be interested in knowing) that I am the author, as people
would call it of...") [...] This (and the whole sequence ofthemarizations of the
interleavings of texts that you have offered us) suggests to me that the problem
of an oblique entry migth not simply be a problem, but a stimulus, the germ of a
passion. Obviously, I would be equally happy (?) with something not yet
published in English that would function in that as a problem-atizing (or indeed
reinscription) of the very idea of critique, as a displacement of the presumed
subject of the collection ("Derrida"), as something that will faire trembler the
"on" of writing on Derrida".
,
65


( ) - , .
10 "intraitable" ,
. : 1), ,
( ; ,
: ,
) 2) ,
,
(, ). "intraitable"
(, ) -
, .
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mimesis, , . , , .
. , , ,
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, ,
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, , , ,
, ,
, . ,
,
,
, .
(10 17) (18 18) "
", ("
", "sein Leben zu erhalten, ist Pflicht", Section 1, Bd.
IV, p. 397;

66
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, ): "
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.
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.

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), ( ).
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67
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proprio sensu, , ,
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, (ingeheim) -
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" " ("
").
12 Geheimnis, geheim.
,
(kein geheimer Antrieb der Selbstliebe),
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reiner Pfiicht), ,
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mimesis
(" ") non-mimesis ("
"), - - , - ,
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68
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, T.
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13 "" " "
( "Donner le temps", 1. La fausse monnaie, Paris, Galilee, 1991).
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