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, , , - [a personal God]; , . , . - . -, , : , , , , , . , . : , , . : . , , . , . , , . , .

, , , , . , , . , . , , , , . , , , . , , , . . , "" . "" , , , . , "" , . , -, . .

( YHVH). , , . , "", "" "" . , -. , ( ) .

. , . , ; , , . , . : . , . , . , . , , . , , . , . , .

: , . , . "", "" "" mustei, " ". , 1. , "" "" . , ; "", "" . "" , ; , "" " ". . "" . "" , . , , .

, , . 60- , , . . . , . , ; , (, ). , , .

, . , . , II-III , , , . , , , , . , . , , , , . , , . " " , , , , , , , XII-XIII . " ", V-VI ., , , , ; , , , . , , .

, . , ; , . , , , , . " " (Ma'aseh Merkavah) (Ma'aseh Bereshit). , , :

: , : , , . : " , "! !" : " , ". . : " ". . : " ? , ". [ ]. 2.

, . , . , , , , , , , . . , , . , , , . - , ; , . , .

. , . ; . " " , . . , , , , . , " " ; , . , . , , . (938-1038 .) : "" " " () . , , "" " ", , " ". , , :

, , . , , , , 3.

" " II-III ., , , . , " ", . , , , " , "4.

, , , . . , . , . , , , . , , , , .

"Shiur Qomah" (" ") V ., , . "Shiur Qomah" , " ". , , " ", , , . :

, .
; , , ;
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, ;
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; , "Shiur Qomah" . , , , : , "", 180 "", "" . , . - ! "Shiur" , , . . , . "Shiur" . "Shiur Qomah" ; , . , ; , . , , .

"Shiur" : , -, , -, . "Shiur" , . , , ; , . , - , , :

, , , , , ,

, , , . , YHVH, YHVH.

, 6.

, , ?

, , " ", " ". ; , , . , . ; , , . , , , , . , , . , , .

" " . , " " , . , , , . , , . . , , , :


(), , .
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; , . . . , , .

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, . , . , ! , , , , . , : , 10. , , , , . , , . " ", " "11. , , :

: " , , , , , , , , , , ( , : " ; , ")... , , , ...12

; " ", , , , , . , " " , .

"", . , : . "", , . : , . : , , , . , , , , . , , , . , , , ; . (540-604 .), , . , , . , , "", "" "". , , . . , , . , , : " , , -"13. , . , . , .

, , . , , , , 14.

" ", "", . , ; , " ". "" , , ", "15. : , .

, . , . ; , , . , , - . " " , " ". - , . " " , , , 16. "" (hesychia), "", " ". , , , , , . , .

? , , , , . , , , . , , , . . , " ; , , , "17. "" (), , , . . , , . , , , , , , .

, , , . (. 399 .) , , , , . . " , -, ". " "18. , . ; " "19. , . , , . "", , , , , , "".

(V .), , , ; . , : : " , ", " ". , , : (, ). , , . , , , . , . , , , , . : " , o , , , , , , "20. , . , "" . , , . , "", . , , , ; , , , . " "; , . , . -: . , " ". , - . , " - . [...] , VI , . , "21. , ; (), .

, , . : , ? , , , . , (656-747 .) . (759-826 .) . , : , , , . , , - par excellence. , , "" .

, 820 . , "", , , . , " , , . "22. , . , , , . , . XIX , ; , IX . . , , . IV-V . , .

(949-1022 .), [St. Macras]. ( " ") , , , . , , " "23. , "" , . , , , . , , , . , . , , , , . , , , ", , , "24. , , , , , .

, , . " "25, , . : ", , . , , "26. , , , . , , . "" . " " , :

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, , . , , , . , , , .

, , . VIII-IX . . , , , , , . ( SWF ""). , - :

, , , , 28.

. , - (. 748 .) - (. 728 .), , .

, . , , - , , : " , , " ( , , , ). , ; - (. 801 .) , :

: ,
, .
,
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.

, 29.

, : "! , ! , ! , !"30 " " . , -, . , , . , .

, , . , ( ). , "". - (. 874 .). , . - , , , . . , - , , "", :

: " ?"
: " , . , ".
. [...]
, , : " , ?"
: " ; , "31.

- "" ; , -, "". . () . - , , (), .

, "", . - (. 910 .), " " , , - . , () (), , "". , ; , , . , . , , "". - , , . . , , ; , "", , . - , - (), , , , , , . ; "" "", . ; :

, ,
;
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,

.

,
:
32.

-: "", .

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, , , , .
, .
, , ,
, , 34.

"" , -, - . - .

, - , : " , , , , . , , , , , , , , . , !"35

--, " ", , , , , . - , - , , . , , . , , . 36. , : , . , , . ( ), , , , , : " , , , , , , , , ". - , ; . , , , , , . , XI , - . - , , . XII - - : . , -, 1191 . . , " " ; . , . ( ); , . , , - , - -. , . -, . , , , . , , . , , , , . .

" " ( -). , . "" , , . , . , : , . , , , .

. , . . , . . " " (" -") , , . , , , , . , , . : , "" (), . " ", , , . , , .

, , , : , . , , . , ; .

, "" , . , XII , , , , ; , , . ; , . " " , . , ; , , , . : , , , ( , ). , , , , - - .

" -" . , ; . , , :

: , . , . [...] , . , .

" , , "37.

, , , . . , , . . , , -.

: (, ) ( ). , . , -, . , . , . - , , . . , , , . .

. , , , , , 38.

, , , , , . , . , , , . , , , -. , , , . , " " , -. , , , .

, - , . , , . - , 39. , , , . , . "", , , , , , , . ; , . , , , , . , . , , . , . , . , , , . , , , - .

- - (1165-1240 .), , , . , - . , , , . , . - -, " ". , , , . , "" .

1201 , , - , : , , , , . , , , . , . ? : " - , , , , " -" (" "), , , "40. , , , . , , . , , , , . , , . , , - , . " , ". "" - :

, , , [ ] . , , , , 41.

, .

, , . , , , , : " , "42. , " "43. ; " " , , , . ; , -. , imaginativa - , , . :

[imaginativa],
, , ,
,
, ?
,
44.

: , , , , ; , , . - ; , . , , , . , "" , , .

- , , . , , , , . , . " , . , , , "45. , , , , - . , , ; , , , , . , , , , , , .

- , " ". , , . , (), . " " . , , , 46. "", . (), , -, "", , . ; , , , "" , . , , , . , , . , , , , . , .

. , , . , - () , () . , . , () WLH: ", "47. : " . , . , , ". ; , . , , . , "", , , . - , , ( ) . , , ; , logoi , . , , , .

logoi , , . , . , , , , logoi. "" , ; , . , " , ". : " , (-)"48. , , . , -, "" ""49. , logoi . : , , , . ; . : , .

, . , - , -, , . , . , ( -), , , , . , , .

. , . -, . , , : , . , , . - , , :


, ,
, ,
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,
50.

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- , . ; , : " , "51. , ; , , , . , , , 52.

, , . " " . () , " " "", , . . , , .

- , . XII-XIII . . (), . ; , . : , . , - . . , , . , , . , - .

, " ". . , , , (). - (. 1207-1273 .), , " ". ( ), ( ). , . , "", " ", . 1244 -, . - , . ; , , , , . , . . : , , , .

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, , - "-", .

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, ,
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, , , .

. , , , " ". IX ; . XII , : , 1150 . " -" (" "), (), " " (" "), , , (. 1230 .), . ; , , , , . ( , ), , . , XVII .

, . -, , , . , , , , . , , apatheia . , , . " " "", . , , , - :

, . . , , , , 55.

, , , "" (), " , ". . , , () , . , , , , , . , " ", , , . , , . .

, , . , , . - -, , . ; , . , " ". , . , . " " , , . , .

, , . , . (: " "). ; . XIII , 56. YHVH, , ; , "", "". . , . YHVH, , . , , . , (. , ""), , . ; , . , , , , .

- , , . , , , , . , , , . . :

, " "

, ""

, ""

, "" ""

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, ""; , ""

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, ""

, ""

(), ""; .
, (. ), , , . . , , . , , . , . - , "" , .

 

, , , "" , - . , , , . , , , . , , , . . , , . , , : , . , , , . (, ), , .

"", , , 1275 . , . "" (" ") : , III . , , . , . "", - . , , , , : . "" . , , , "" , "". "" ,, , , "" "". , , "" "". , , , . "", , , . , . , .

, , . "" " " , "" . "",

, , . , , , ; , , , , , 57.

, " !". "" " " (.-. , " ...") , " " , , . , , "", . , , , . , , : ex nihilo. , , , :

, . , , , . , . , . , , , , , , 58.

"" (), , . , (), . . , "?" (), . . , , "" : , "" .

, , , " ". YHVH , , , . "" , " ", . , , , , . , . , , . , "" (. 1200 .) , , , , , . "" " " , " ". "" , " " , , , , . , . , , , , . , , , , , , . , ; , .

, , , . "" , . : , - , , . , , . . "" , , " ", "". , ("") . , , , . "", , , . , " ", . , . XV , , .

(1240 . 1291 .). , "", , . , , . , , , . "" , "" , . . , , . , , , , , . , , . 1280 . , , , . , , "", . .

, , " , ". " " , . , , , . , , , . , , , , . "" . , - ( ), . , ; . , , , , . , , . , , () () . , . , , " [] "59. "" , , .

. , . , , . -, . , "" "" , " , ". , . : , , . :

, , , . [...] [ ]: " , , " [ , " "]60.

. , . , , , .

. , , . XIV ( ) . : (1260 . 1327 .), (1300-1361 .), (1256-1302 .) (. 1295-1306 .). , , , : (1290-1349 .), (. 1346 .), (. 1342-1416 .) " ". ; , , , . , , , .

, . . -, . , ʸ, 1325 . , , . , ; , , , . , , . , , , : " , , , "61. , , .

, 62. , , , . "" , - , . , "" , "", "", "" "", , , 63. , , , , . , , , . , , . , , . () . .

, , . , , . "". , : " , "64. . , . , , "" , , "" (Abgeschiedenheit)65. - -, , (); , , - , " , (Istigkeit) "66. , "- " - , .

" !", - ; : , ?! XIV . , ? , , "", "", , "", , . , , : , . , "" , "". : , , "" . "" , , , "". , , . , , : , . :

, . 67.

, , : XI . , . "" "" , . , , . , , , , . "" ; , . 1341 , , . , . ( " "), , , . "" , , . , , . , , : , . , , , - . , , , ; . : " ". , " ", , , o68. , "", , "" , , , . , , ; , , , "".

. , , . , , , "". , . , : , , , "", : " , , "69. , , XIV . XI , , , , , , . .

. , XVI . , . , , . XIV , . , . , , , XVI -, "" . - , , . .

1 John Macquarrie, Thinking About God (London, 1957), p. 34.

2 Hagigah 14b, . 101:7, 116:15, 25:16.

3 Quoted in Louis Jacobs, ed., The Jewish Mystics (Jerusalem, 1976, London, 1990), p. 23.

4 2 . 12:2-4.

5 . 5:10-15.

6 Translated in T. Carmi, ed. and trans., The Penguin Book of Hebrew Verse (London, 1981), p. 199.

7 , 53:13-18.

8 "", IX. X (24); . .: . .: Renaissance, 1991; . ... . 228.

9 Joseph Campbell (with Bill Moyers), The Power of Myth (New York, 1988), p. 85.

10 Annemarie Schimmel, And Muhammad Is His Messenger: The Veneration of the Prophet in Islamic Piety (Chapel Hill and London, 1985), pp. 161-75.

11 , IX:X (24). . . . 228.

12 Ibid., IX:X (25). . 228-229.

13 Morals on Job, V.66.

14 Ibid., XXIV. 11.

15 Homilies on Ezekiel, II, ii, 1.

16 Commentary on the Song of Songs, 6.

17 Epistle 234.1.

18 On Prayer, 67.

19 Ibid., 71.

20 Ambigua, PG. 91. 1088c.

21 Peter Brown with Sabine MacCormack, "Artifices of Eternity", in Brown, Society and the Holy in Late Antiquity (London, 1992), p. 212.

22 Nicephoras, Greater Apology for the Holy Images, 70.

23 Theological Orations I.

24 Ethical Orations 1.3.

25 Orations 26.

26 Ethical Orations, 5.

27 Hymns of Divine Love 28.114-115, 160-162.

28 Encyclopaedia of Islam (1st ed. Leiden 1913), entry under "Tasawwuf".

29 Trans. R.A.Nicholson, quoted in A.J.Arberry, Sufism, An Account of the Mystics of Islam (London, 1950), p. 43.

30 Quoted in R.A.Nicholson, The Mystics of Islam (London, 1963 ed.), p. 115.

31 Narrative, quoted in Marshall G.S.Hodgson, The Venture of Islam, Conscience and History in a World Civilization, 3 vols. (Chicago, 1974), I., p. 404.

32 Quoted in Arberry, Sufism, p. 60.

33 . 14:6.

34 Quoted in Nicholson, The Mystics of Islam, p. 151.

35 Quoted in Arberry, Sufism, p. 60.

36 , 2:32(34).

37 Hiqmat al-Ishraq, quoted in Henri Corbin, Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth, From Mazdean Iran to Shiite Iran, trans. Nancy Pearson, (London, 1990), pp. 168-69.

38 .: , . . .: , 2000.

39 J.-P. Sartre, The Psychology of the Imagination (London, 1972), passim.

40 Futuhat al Makkiyah II, 326, quoted in Henri Corbin, Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn Arabi, trans. Ralph Manheim (London, 1970), p. 330.

41 The Diwan, Interpretation of Ardent Desires, in ibid., p. 138.

42 " ". ..-. . .: . . .: , 1968. . 7.

43 Ibid., . 6-7.

44 "", XVII, 13-18. ..

45 William Chittick, "Ibn al-Arabi and His School" in Sayyed Hossein Nasr, ed. Islamic Spirituality: Manifestations (New York and London, 1991), p. 61.

46 . 18:64(65) .

47 Quoted in Henri Corbin, Creative Imagination in Ibn al-Arabi, p. 111.

48 Chittick, "Ibn Arabi and His School", in Nasr, ed., Islamic Spirituality, p. 58.

49 Majid Fakhry, A History of Islamic Philosophy (New York and London, 1970), p. 282.

50 Quoted in R.A.Nicholson, The Mystics of Islam, p. 105.

51 , 2:115.

52 R.A.Nicholson, ed., Eastern Poetry and Prose (Cambridge, 1922), p. 148.

53 . . . . .: . . .: , 1986. . 6.

54 This Longing, Teaching Stories and Selected Letters of Rumi, trans. and ed. Coleman Banks and John Moyne (Putney, 1988), p. 20.

55 "Song of Unity", quoted in Gershom Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism, 2nd ed., (London, 1955), p. 108.

56 Ibid., p. 11.

57 In Gershom Scholem, ed. and trans. The Zohar, The Book of Splendour (New York, 1949), p. 27.

58 Ibid.

59 Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism, p. 136.

60 Ibid., p. 142.

61 Quoted in J..Clark, Meister Eckhart, An Introduction to the Study of his Works with an Anthology of his Sermons (London, 1957), p. 28.

62 Simon Tugwell, "Dominican Spirituality", in Louis Dupre and Don E. Saliers, eds. Christian Spirituality III (New York and London, 1989), p. 28.

63 Quoted in Clark, Meister Eckhart, p. 40.

64 Sermon, "Qui Audit Me Non Confundetur", in R.B.Blakeney, trans., Meister Eckhart, A blew Translation (New York, 1957), p. 204.

65 Ibid., p. 288.

66 "On Detachment", in Edmund Coledge and Bernard McGinn, eds. and trans. Meister Eckhart, the Essential Sermons, Treatises and Defense (London, 1981), p. 87.

67 Theophanes, PG. 932D; ..

68 Homily, 16.

69 " -", 1.3.47. . .. . .: . -. .: , 1995. . 110.


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