: .

baby bonds ( ): , , , 10 . 18 . . 200 . . .

backdate ( ): 1. , , . 2. , , , , .

back door ( ): (*Bank of England) (* market). , ( ), (*lender of last resort).

back-end load ( ): , (investment trust), .

back-to-back credit (countervailing credit) ( ): . , , , , , , . , , .

back-to-back loan ( ): , ( ), , ( ). . , , , .

back-up credit ( ): , (commercial paper) . . , , .

backwardation ( ; ): 1. , , , , . 2. , , . , , , . , . :

forwardation (/ ).

bad debt ( ): , , , (*debtor). (*profit and loss account). .

badges of trade ( ): . 1954 . . (Commodity markets) , ; ( ) , .

baht () (): , 100 .

baiza (): , .

balboa () (): , 100 .

balanced-budget multiplier ( ): , , , , , , , , , . , , , , . , .

balance of payments ( ): , . , (current account) (capital account). , (.:

balance of trade ( )). , . , , , . , , (*International Monetary Fund).

balance of trade ( ): , . (*balance of payments), (Current account). (*visibles) ( ) (invisible balance) ( , , , ).

balance sheet ( ): , (*accoun1s), , , (*accounting period). : , . , : (1) , (.. , ); (2) , , (), (). , .. , - , .

balloon ( ): , . (balloon loans) , , , .. .

balloon mortgage ( ): (Mortgage). ; (non-amortising mortgage). .

ballot (): (*new issue of shares) (. : notation ( ). , . .

Baltic Exchange ( ): . , . , , (*London FOX). 1992 . , .

Baltic International Freight Futures Market (BIFFEX) ( ): .: London FOX ( ).

band (): 1. , , (.:

European Monetary System ( )) 2,5% 6%. 2. , . (*Treasury bills), (Local authority bills) (.: eligible paper ( )); 1 14 , 15 33 , 34 63 64 91 .

bani (): , .

bank (): , . , , . (*Bank of England) ( ), (commercial banks), (*merchant banks), , , (*National Savings Bank) (.: giro ()). (*building society), , 1990 . , (*flotation). .

bank account ( ):

.: account (); cheque account ( ); current account ( ); deposit account ( ); savings account ( ).

bank bill ( ):

, () . , , , .

bank certificate ( ): , . .

bank charge ( ): , , , , . . - , (*building societies) . .

bank deposit ( ): , . ; , , . ; , , . , , (*deposit account) (Current account), .

bank draft (banker's cheque;

banker's draft) ( ;

; ):

, . , , , . , .

banker's acceptance ( ): (*time draft), . / , ; , . . :

third-country acceptance ( ).

banker's cheque ( ):

.: bank draft ( ).

banker's reference (status enquiry) ( ( )): , , , . , , , . , , .

Bank for International Settlements (BIS) ( ()): , 1930 . . , - , , (*International Monetary Fund). , , , .. , . 1986 . , (*Ewopean Currency Units). (*capital adequacy rations). , , , , , , . , .

Bank Giro ( ):

.; giro ().

bank guarantee ( ): , . , , , . , . , . .

Bank Holidays ( ): , , . , , ( ), ( ). ( ) . 2 , . (17 ). (9 ). , (*bills of exchange), , , (*days of grace) . , ( ), , . , .

banking ( ): , ; ( ), ( ) (, ). , , 1933 . , , , . , (branch banking) {. : commercial bank ( )).

Banking Acts 1979 and 1987 ( 1979 1987 .): , , (*Bank of England). , , , . , 1 . . , , (*building societies), . .

Banking Ombudsman ( , ): .:

Financial Ombudsman ( , ).

bank loan (bank advance) ( ( )):

, , , . , , , , , . . :ln account ( );

overdraft (); personal loan ( ).

banknote (): , . , XVII . , (*medium of exchange) , , . , . ; 1931 . , . . : promissory note ( / ).

Bank of England ( ): . 1694 . . 1946 ., , . , . - , . , , , , , , (*lender of last resort). (1844 .) : . , , (*Royal Mint). ( ) , , . , . , , , (*exchange control) (*exchange equalisation account). , () 16 , 45 . . :

Banking Acts 1979 and 1987 ( 1979 1987.).

Bank of England Stock Register ( ): (.: gilt-edged security ( )), (*Bank of England). , . , , , , (*National Savings Stock Register).

Bank of Japan (BOJ) ( ): , , .

bank rate ( ): , (*Bank of England) , . 1972 1981 . (*minimum lending rate). (*base rate).

bankruptcy (): , (bankruptcy order). , .

, (1) ;

(2) , , 1986 .;

(3) ; (4) . , , .. , . 750 . . , , , . , , 1973 . , . - . , . . , (*official receiver), - . , , (*special manager). . . , .. , (trustee in bankruptcy). 21 . (public examination), . , (meeting of creditors) . , . , ; . , : , , ; , . , () . . . . 1986 . (.: referencial creditor ( )). , . .

Bankruptcy Reform Act 1978 ( 1978 .): , 40 . ; ;

. , 13 . 11 (*Chapter 11) , , .

banque d'affaires ( ): (*merchant bank) (*issuing house), (*investment bank).

Banque de France ( ): , , . 1800 . 1946 .; 214 .

bargain ( ): , . , , .

barometer stock (): , . (*blue chip) .

base rate ( ):

1. , , . , , , . 2. , (*discount houses), . 1981 . (*minimum lending rate) , 1980- . ( (*balance of payments)) , .

base stock method ( ): , , , , (.: average stock ( ); first in, first out ( ); last in, first out ( )).

base-weighted index ( ): , (*base year) .

base year (base date) ( ( )): . 100, , , 120, . : 120 ( 1985 . = 100); , 1985 . 20%.

basic rate ( ): , (.:

income tax ( );

higher rates ( )). 1992-1993 . 25%. , , , .. , .

basket of currencies ( ): , - . (*European Currency Unit) .

Basle Concordat (): . 1975 ., 1983 . . , , . .

Bay Street (-): 1. , . 2. . 3. .

BCG matrix ( ): , , . .

bear (): , , . . (bear market) , , .. , , , . , , . (bear position). ( ) , , , . . (bear raid). , (bear slide). , (bear squeeze), , , - , , . : bull ().

bear closing ( ): , . .

bearer (/): , (*blll of exchange), . , .

bearer security (bearer bond) ( ( )): , ; . , , . , . (*-bonds), , , . . , , , .

bear hug ( ): , . - , , , (teddy bear hug).

bear market ( ): .: bear ().

bear note ( ): .: bull note ( ).

bear position ( ): .: bear ().

bear raid ( ): .: bear ().

bear slide ( ): .: bear ().

bear squeeze ( ): .: bear ().

bed and breakfast ( ): , , . , , . .

Belfox: , . 1991 . ; .

below par ( ): .: par value ().

below-the-line ( ): 1. , (*profit and loss account) , () . 2. , . , , , , . 3. , . : above-the-line ( ).

beneficiary (): 1. , (*1rust). 2. , . 3. , (*letter of credit). 4. , , , (*credit card).

benefits in kind ( / ): , . 8500 . . , , ( , ) . , .. , .

Benelux (): , , . , 1947 ., (*customs union). 1958 . (* Economic Community).

Berne Union ( ): , , . , . (*Export Credits Guarantee Department) .

best advice ( ): .: independent financial adviser ( ).

best efforts ( ): , , , , .

best price ( ): , .. .

beta coefficient ( ): . , . . . : alpha coefficient ( ); capital asset pricing model ( ).

beta stock ( ): , (*Normal Market Siw), , . . : alpha stock ( ).

bid ( ): 1. ( (bid price)), (*market maker) : , ʔ (*1) (*SEAQ system) ( (*offer price)); (bid-offer spread). , . . : offer price ( ). 2. , ;

. 3. , . (*offer), , ( ). , , . , .

bid-offer spread ( ): .: bid ( ).

bid price ( ): .: bid ( ).

bid rate ( ): (*London Inter Bank Bid Rate (LIBID)).

BIFFEX: , . .: London FOX ( ).

Big Bang ( ): (*London Stock Exchange (LSE)), , 27 1986 . :

() ; () , (*stockbrokers) . , , 1983 ., . 1986 . (*globalization) .

Big Blue ( ): , , -- ( .).

Big Board ( ): - (*New York Stock Exchange), . :

Little Board ( ).

Big Eight ( ): - : , , , , , , .

Big Four ( ): 1. : , , . 1990 . , (*building society), . 2. : , , -.

bill (; ): 1. (*bill of exchange). 2. -.

bill broker (discount broker) ( ( )): , (*bills of exchange) (*discount houses) . (*Treasury bills).

billion (): , (10 ) (10 ) ; .

bill leak ( ): , , (.: corset ()); .

bill mountain ( ): , .

bill of exchange (/): , () (), ( ) . - , (*acceptance), ; . . , , , , , (*holder), . 1882. .; accomodation bill ( ); bills in a set ( ); dishonour ( ).

Bill of sight ( ): , , , . (perfected the sight).

Bill rate (discount rate) ( ( )): (*discount market), (*bills of exchange) (.. , ). , . , , , , .

bills in a set ( ): ( , ) . ;

. , , . (first of exchange), (second of exchange), .. .

bills payable ( ): , , (*bills of exchange), .

bills receivable ( ): , , (*bills of exchange), .

birr () (): , 100 .

black knight ( ):

, - (takeover bid). : grey knight ( ); white knight ( ).

Black Monday ( ): , . 28 1929 ., - 30 (*Dow Jones Industrial Average) 13%. 19 1987 . 23%. .

Black Wednesday ( ): 16 1992 ., (.: European Monetary System ( )), 15%. -, , , .

blank bill ( ): (*bill of exchange), .

blank cheque ( ): .: cheque ().

blank endorsed ( ): .: endorsement ().

blanket policy ( ): , . , .

blank transfer ( ): , . , , . . , (*nominees).

blocked account ( ): 1. , , , (bankruptcy) , , (liquidation). 2. , , , , . , , , .

blocked currency ( ): , (*exchange controls), . , , , , .

block order exposure system (BLOX) ( ): ʔ (*1).

block trade ( ): , , 10 000 .

block volume ( ): , 10 000 .

blue chip ( ): , . , . , . .

blue-sky laws ( ): , , , .

Board of Customs and Excise ( ): , , () (*VAT). II 1671 .; , , 1909 . , ( , ..). - .

Board of Inland Revenue ( ): , , , () (*VAT) . , , , , . 1970 . , . .

boiler room (): (*bucket shop), .

bolivar () (): , 100 .

boliviano ($b) (): , 100 .

Bombay Stock Exchange ( ): , 2 000 . ; , , 1830- . , . . , . (*Securities and Exchange Commission) (*Securities and Investment Board) .

bond (): , . , (*fixed-interest securities). : , , , , . , ( 5 10 ). . (.: debenture ( )). , , .. . , ; , . . : debenture ( ); deposit bonds ( ); income bond ( ); premium bonds ( ).

bond washing ( ): .: dividend stripping ( ).

Bonn Index FAZ ( ): .: Commerzbank Index ( ).

bonus (): 1. , , , , - ( ) , .

2. , , . (*with-profits policies), , .

3. . . : no-claim bonus ( ); reversionary bonus ( ); terminal bonus ( ).

bonus issue ( ): .: scrip issue ( ).

book value ( ): . , (*depreciation). - , . , .

bootstrap (): 1. . . : . 2. . , . , - , , .

borrowed reserves ( ): , . , , .

borsa (): .

borse (): (*German stock exchange).

bought deal ( ): , , , , (*rights issue), (*placing). (*market makers) , . , , , . , , (*pre-emption rights). . : vendor placing ( ).

bourse ( ): 1. (*stock exchange). bourse (, ). the Bourse , . , , agents de change ( ). 2. .

boutique (): 1. , .

, . 2. , , , ..

box spread ( ): (*options) .

bracket indexation ( ): (taxation bracket) . , ( , ).

break-forward (-): , (*forward-exchange contract) . , , . ; .

breaking a leg ( ): .: straddle ().

break-up value ( ): 1. , . , . 2. (*asset value per share) .

bridging loan ( ): , . .

Britannia coins ( ): (*gold coins) ( 100, 50, 25 10 ). 1987 . , (*Kruger-rand). , .

British Bankers Association ( ): - , . 1919 ., . .

British Insurance and Investment Brokers Association ( ): , (*Insurance Brokers Registration Council), , (1986 .). 1977 . ; 1988 ., , . , , , .

broad money ( ): (.: money supply ( )). : narrow money ( ).

broker (): , , . () (brokerage), , , , . - , , , . .: bill broker ( ); commodity broker ( ); insurance broker ( ); stockbroker ( ).

brokerage (, ): , (*broker).

broker/dealer (/): (*London Stock Exchange), (*Big Bang) , .

bucket shop ( ): , , .. , , , - .

budget (; ): 1. , , .. . 2. (the Budget) , , , . .

budget deficit ( ): , , . , (recession) , (.: pump priming ( )). , , , (inflation) . , , , , . , , (budget surplus).

buffer stock ( ): , , . , , , ' , , , . , . , , , . , , , . , . . : United Nations Common Fund for Commodities ( ).

Building Societies Act 1986 ( 1986 .): , (*building societies). , , , , , .. , . .

Building Societies Ombudsman ( ): .: Financial Ombudsman ( ).

building society ( ): , , (*mortgages) . XVII . (*Friendly Society) . 1986 . (*Building Societies Act 1986). , , , . , , , , . , ; 5 000 . . , , . , , -, , , ;

, , , . 1986 . ; . , , , , , , (, , ..), , . , (*public limited company), . , (*Big Four). , . , , .

bull (): , , , . (bull market) , , .. , , , , (bull position), (long position). , , . : bear ().

bulldog bond ( ): (*bond) , - .

bullet (): 1. , . 2. , . (bullet loan) , .

bulletin board ( ): .: Company Bulletin Board Service ( , ).

bullion (): , , .. , . .

bull note ( ): , ( FTSE 100; .:

Financial Times Share Indexes ( , )), ( ). , , , (, , , ). (bear note) . , , , .

bull position ( ): .: bull ().

Bundesbank (): ( ). 11 , .

bum-out turnaround ( ): , , .

bum rate ( ): , , .

Business Expansion Scheme (BES) ( ): , , . , . " ; , 5- - , .. 40 000 . ., , , 500 000 . . ( , , , , 5 . .). 1993 .

business-interruption policy (consequential-loss policy; loss-of-profit policy) ( ( ; )): , , - . , , , , .

business plan (-): , , , , . - , , . - , . , (*cash flows) ; , . (*profii and loss accounts) - . - . -, , (corporate plan).

business strategy ( ): , , , , , , , .

busted bond (old bond) ( ( )): , , , . ; , . ,

butterfly (): , (*options). ( ) (*exercise prices) (*expiry dates). , . : straddle (, ).

butut (): , .

buy-back ( ): 1. , . , . , . 2. , , , , , . 3. . , . - .

buy earnings ( ):

, (*yield) , , .

buyers over ( ): , .., , , . , , , . :

sellers over ( ).

buying forward ( ): , , .. - , (*bull position) (*bear). , , . . : futures contract ( ).

buying in ( ): , .., - . ( , .., ). , - . :

selling out ( , , ..).

buyout (): 1. (occupational pension scheme) . 2. , , , , . . 3. .: leveraged buyout ( ). 4. .:

management buyout ( ); employee buyout ( ).

BV (): , Besloten Vennootschap. Ltd () ( ). : NV(HB).


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