- .

I.

6.

, . , .

, , . "" "" , ( ) . not good [], , - bad [], -, . , , , - , , . , .

"" , , . good [], delicious [], nice [], excellent [], perfect [], fine [], splendid [], appetizing [], beautiful [], savoury []. ( ) , . : -

69

, . , , : 94% .

, . , , , ( overstatement ). , , ( understatement ). : , , , , ( ).

( ) :

The feature of the feast was red mullet. This delectable fish brought from a considerable distance in a state of almost perfect preservation was first fried, then boned, then served in ice according to a recipe known to a few men of the world (J. Galsworthy) [ . , , , , , , (. )].

Delicious! he said. Exquisite! Who but a Frenchman could make poetry of fish, I ask you? ( Ch . Gorham ) [! . ! , ! (. )].

, good [], tasty [], nourishing []:

There's no bloddy head room, agreed Slogger, chewing pie with the noisy relish of a man whose missus usually gave him cut bread and dripping. But this was a bloddy good pie ! ( A . J . Cronin ) [ , , , . ! (. . )].

Any working - class wife who has thin times will have a fine knowledge of those cuts which are inexpensive and nourishing and also tasty ( R . Hoggart ) [ , , , (. )].

Poor old age pensioners used sometimes to simulate a tasty meal by dissolving a penny Oxo in warm water, and having it with bread (R. Hoggart)

70

[ - , , (. )].

, , , , nourishing [] tasty []. , exquisite [], delectable [], delicious [ ].

, , , . , , :

1. . Is it a good cake? she asked intensely. Yes, mam, he said, wiring into it. It ' s fair champion ( A . J . Cronin ) [ ? . , , , . -! ( . . )].

2. . Seated at a little marble topped table in the oldes-tablished confectioner's, the Rector watched his grandson eat strawberry ice. Good ? Awfully ( A . J . Cronin ) [ , , : ? ! (. . )].

"" "" , "" healthy [], safe [] to do well [( -) ], to be all right [( -) ], to be in good health [ ], to be in ( good ) shape [ () ]. , , : to have a heart attack [ ], to have an eye infection [( -) ], to catch cold [ ], to suffer from a disease [ - ], to feel the ache [ ], to feel the pains [ ], to feel weak [ ], to feel lousy [ ], to feel light - headed [ ], to be ill [ ], to be bad [ ], to be unwell [ ], to look peaky [ , ].

"" "" , , .

"" "" , , , , , . . "" , , -, ,

71

. : "" "" XIX XX , , , XIX .

, "" "". "" ( clean [], spotless [], antiseptic [], neat [, ], immaculate [ ], r [], dear [, ]), 21 ( dirty [], greasy [, , ( )], muddy [ ( )], coarse [ ( ), , ], soiled [,], dusty [], foul [ ], befouled [], unsanitary [], grubby [, ], plastered [ ], filthy [, ], stale [, ], sooty [ ], unclean [], stained [], grimed [], sordid [, , ], impure [], non r [], mucky [ ()]).

. "" , , , "". , "" ": "" , , "" , . , , , , . . , , , , , , - , . , , , . , , "" "", , , , , , , , -

72

. , "", :

I met him at the Con ball at Leddersford. He made a pass within the first five minutes and invited me to a dirty week-end within another five (J. Braine) [ . , (. ) (. )].

His motives were far from pure (. Bradbury ) [ (. )].

I called him every foul name I could lay my tongue to ( A . Hailey ) [ , (. )].

And Soames was alone again. The spidery, dirty, ridiculous business! ( J . Galsworthy ) [ . , , ! ( . )].

Have you anything really shocking, Reggie? I adore mucky books, and you never have any in stock (J. Braine) [ - , ? , ! ( . )].

You played a dirty trick we'd have given you five if you'd asked for it... ( W . Golding ) [ (. ) ? , ! (. )].

, , , . , , , . .

, "" "" , XIX ( ), XX ( ̸) "" , "". "" : , , , , , - , , . ( : , ). , : rich man [ ], to be rich [ ], a man of large fortune [ ], a man with

73

fortune [ ], to make a tolerable fortune [ ], to give fortune [ ], splendid property [ ], in easy circumstances [ ], to have a comfortable income [ ], to have money [ ], to get money [ ], to save money [ ], to be well - off [ ] . , : a poor man [ ], to be poor [ ], to have no money [ ], to be in financial difficulties [ ], want of money [ ], a man without money [ ].

"" "" XIX , XX , . XIX , , fortune ( man of fortune [ ], good fortune [ ], large fortune [ ], splendid fortune [ ], tolerable fortune [ ], to give fortune [ ]). XX fortune . XIX , ( fortune ) , , . , ( ) . -, fortune , .

rich [], XIX ( fortune []) , XX .

XIX income means [, ]. XX : , , , , , joint account [ ], good investment [ ], modest annuity [ ]. , , . . XIX , , , -

, XX , , , , , , , - , Anyway , what ' s wrong with being rich . It's a quality, it's attractive. Rich people are nicer , they ' re less nervy ( I . Murdoch ) [ - , , ? , . , (. ̸)].

 


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