- .

I.

5. : 1992-1999

, , , , , ( .: . II , . 1, 1). , , , 90- XX , .

, 1992 . . I , , , , : 1) , 2) .

200 16-23 . . , , , (, ) , , , , , : .

1992 . , smile ''. (, , ) 1992 , , , , .

, , .

1. , ( , ):

1. Smile [] (27%).

2. Freedom [] (20%).

112

3. Rich [], m [] (13%).

4. Skyscraper [] (12%).

5. Business [ u ec ], Hollywood [], Statu of Liberty [ ] (11%).

6. Cars [], pragmatism [] (10%).

7. Dollar [ ], President [ ], friendly [ ], cheerful

[ ] (9%).

8. New York [ - ], uninhibited [ ], great / large [ / ], loud [ ] (8%).

9. Kind [], domineering [, ] (7%).

10. White House [ ], independence [], comfort [], supermarket [], health [], hospitable [] (6%).

.

2. :

1. Smiling [].

2. Pragmatic [ ], business - like [ ].

3. Friendly [ ], cheerful [ ], jayful [ ].

4. Uninhibited [ ], loud [].

5. Kind [], domineering [, ].

6. Hospitable [], gregarious [],50// [].

7. Unceremonious [], unintellectual [], uneducated [], poorly read [ ], wonderful [], nice [].

8. Superficial [], self - confident [ ], boastful [], energetic [], interesting [].

9. Strange [], different [], crazy [], like Russians [ ], hard working [], patriotic [], family - loving [ ], naive [], childish [].

10. Brave [], open [], health - concerned / obsessed [ ], travel - minded [ ], scientific [], logical [], insincere [], cruel / merciless [/], fat [], greedy [], self - indulgent [], bright [].

3. :

1. Freedom [].

2. Wealth [], money [].

3. Business [].

4. Cars [].

5. Dollar [], President [].

113

6. Independence [], supermarket [], chewing - gum [ ].

7. Power [ ], democracy [ ], advertisements [ ].

8. Justice [ ], prosperity [ ], immigrants [ ], elections [ ], universities [ ], popcorn [ - ], Big Mac [ ], - la [ - ].

9. Job [ ], houses [ ], music [ ], contrasts [ ], native Americans [ , ], farmers [ ], hamburger [ ], beer [ ], orange juice [ ], home video [ ].

W . Banjo [], suburbs [ , ].

4. , :

1. Skyscrapers [].

2. Ocean [].

3. World [ ].

4. Highways [ ], motorways [ ].

5. National parks [ ].

5. :

1. Hollywood [ ], Statue of Liberty [ ].

2. New York [ - ].

3. White House [ ].

4. Disneyland [ ], Washington [ ].

5. Los Angeles [ - ], California [ ].

6. San Francisco [ - ], Marlboro [ ], Colorado [ ].

7. Boston [], Pentagon [], Broadway [], Harlem [].

8. Centra / Park [ ], Long Island [-], Yale University [ ].

9. McDonald ' s [], Bush [], Mark Twain

[ ].

10. Clinton [], ' nr ['], Hemingway [], Harvard University [ ].

11. Salinger [], Chicago Bulls [ ], MTV [], Bruce Springsteen [ ], NBA [], Michael Jackson [ ].

12. Monroe [], Jane Fonda [ ], New York Rangers [- ].

, , , , , -

114

(, ) . , , , . , , , , , , , , , . .

, , ( : , ...). . - : , , , . , , , .

. .

1. :

1. Great [], vast [], huge [], large [] (26%).

2. Motherland [ ], patriotism [ ] (24%).

3. Culture [ ], history [ ], mess [ ], chaos [ ], vodka [ ] (23%).

4. Mysterious [ ], strange [ ], soul [ ] (18%).

5. [], mother [], friends [] (15%).

6. Moscow [], Orthodox Church [ ] (19%).

7. Dirty [], grey [] (12%).

8. The Kremlin [ ] (10%).

9. Poor [], hope [], potentials [ ], great future [ ] (9%).

10. Red Square [ ], gentle [], kind [], crisis [], fools [], stupid [] (7%).

2. :

1. Friendly [ ], intelligent [ ].

2. Gentle [ ], kind [ ], foolish [ ], stupid [ ].

3. Rude [ ], gloomy [ ], talkative [ ], hospitable [ ].

4. Worried [ ], sad [ ], unhappy [ ], serious [ ], patient [ ], resourceful [ ].

5. Healthy [ ], beautiful [ ], charitable [ ].

6. Sense of humour [ ], cheerful [ ], unsmiling [ ].

115

7. Big and strong [ ], powerful [], wicked [], crooks [].

8. Trustful [], deep [], coarse [], dull [], brave [], nice [], generous [].

9. Wonderful [], reckless [], interesting [].

3. :

1. Mess [], chaos [], vodka [].

2. Poverty [], lines ( queues ) [], [].

3. Crisis [].

4. Market [], communism [], civil war [ ].

5. Inflation [], instability [], difficulties [], masochism [], children [].

6. Violence [], democrats [], pension [], food [], President [], parliament [], rouble [].

7. Begging army [ ], three - colour flag [ ].

8. Survival [], debates [], trolley - buses [].

4. , :

1. Roads [].

2. Forest [ ].

3. Birch - trees [ ].

4. Steppe [ ].

5. Villages [ ].

6. Rivers [ ].

7. Big cemeteries [ ].

5. :

1. Moscow [].

2. The Kremlin [ ].

3. Red Square [ ].

4. Moscow State University [ ].

5. Ivan [], Leningrad [], Tchaikovsky [], Dostoevsky [],

Siberia [], Yeltsin [], Gorbachev [].

6. St . Petersburg [-], Arbat [], Bolshoi Theatre [ Tea p ], St . Basil ' s Cathedral [ ].

7. The Volga [], Pushkin [], Lenin [].

8. Suvorov [], Dmitry Donskoy [ ], Moscow suburbs [, ].

116

1995 , , I .

1. :

199

2 ( )

199

5

1.

Smile [] (27%).

1.

Hollywood [] (26%).

2.

 

Freedom [] (20%).

 

2.

Statue of Liberty [

] (21%).

3.

 

Rich [], money []

(13%).

3.

 

Smile [] (19%).

 

4. :

Skyscrapers [] (12%).

4.

New York [ - ] (16%).

5.

Business [ ], Hollywood

5.

Dollar [ ],

 

[ ], Statue of Liberty

 

McDonald ' s []

 

[ ] (11%).

 

(13%).

6.

Cars [ ], pragmatism

6.

Bill Clinton [ ]

 

[ ] (10%).

 

(11%).

7.

Dollar [ ], President [ -

7.

Freedom [],

 

], friendly [],

 

Washington [],

 

cheerful [] (9%).

 

rich [] (10%).

8.

New York [ - ],

8.

Skyscrapers [],

 

uninhibited [

 

business [],

 

], great / large

 

uninhibited [

 

[/], loud

 

], baseball

 

[] (8%).

 

[ ] (9%).

9.

Kind [ ], domineering

9.

White House [ ],

 

[] (7%).

 

cowboys [ ], Disneyland

 

 

 

[] (8%).

10.

White House [ ],

10.

Talkative [],

 

independence [],

 

drugs [] (6%).

 

comfort [],

 

 

 

supermarket [ ],

 

 

 

 

health [ ], hospitable

 

 

 

 

[] (6%).

 

 

 

, , , , .

, 1992 , McDonald ' s [], Bill Clinton [ ], Washington [], baseball [], cowboys [], Disneyland [], talkative [], drugs []. , , -

117

, .

, cars [], pragmatism [], friendly [], cheerful [], great / large [/], loud [], kind [], domineering [], comfort [], supermarket [], health [], hospitable [], independence [].

: . , ( ) . , . ( , ) . , .

1995 :

2. :

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Smiling [].

1.

Smile [].

2.

Pragmatic [],

2.

Uninhibited [ -

 

business-like [ ].

 

].

3.

Friendly [], cheerful

3.

Talkative [].

 

[], joyful [].

 

 

4.

Uninhibited [

4.

Easy - going [].

 

], loud [].

 

 

5.

Kind [ ], domineering

5.

Crazy [ ], noisy

 

[].

 

[], energetic [-

 

 

 

], sociable [],

 

 

 

optimistic [],

 

 

 

open people [ ],

 

 

 

punctual [],

 

 

 

cheerful [ ].

6.

Hospitable [ ],

6.

Proud [ ], hardworking

 

gregarious [ ], sociable

 

[], enterprising

 

[].

 

[],

 

 

 

straightforward [],

 

 

 

patriotic [ ].

7.

Unceremonious [ -

7.

Lazy [], loud

 

], unintellectual [ -

 

[].

 

], uneducated [-

 

 

 

], poorly read [-

 

 

 

], wonderful [-

 

 

 

], nice [].

 

 

118

8.

 

 

Superficial [], self confident [ ].

boastful [], energetic

[], interesting [].

8.

 

 

Vulgar [],

relaxed [].

 

 

9.

Strange [],

different [ ], crazy [].

like Russians [ ],

hard working [ ],

patriotic [ ], family -

loving [ ], naive

[], childish [].

9.

Smart [].

 

 

10.

Cold [].

10.

Brave [], n [,

], healthconcerned / obsessed [ ],

travelminded [ -

], scientific [ ], logical

[], insincere [],

cruel / merciless [/],/? [], greedy [],

self - indulgent [],

bright []

 

 

3. :

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Freedom [].

1.

Dollar [].

2.

Wealth [], money [].

2.

Freedom [ ].

3.

Business [ ].

3.

Business [ ].

4.

Cars [ ].

4.

Baseball [ ].

5.

Dollar [ ], President [ ].

5.

Cowboys [ ].

6.

 

 

Independence [ ],

supermarket [ ].

chewing - gum [ ].

.

 

 

Drugs [].

 

 

7.

 

 

 

Power [ ], democracy

[ ], advertisements

[].

 

7.

 

 

 

Fast food [

( - )], Coca - Cola

[-], Halloween [ ],

immigrants [ ].

8.

 

Justice [ ], prosperity

[ ], immigrants [ ], elections [ ], universities [ ], popcorn [ - ], Big Mac [ ], Coca - Cola [ - ].

8.

 

Different nations [

], hamburgers [ ], Indians [ ], football [ ], chewing gum [ ], sex - revolution [ ]

119

9.

Job [pa o a],

houses [ ],

music [ y a],

contrasts [ pac ],

native Americans [ , e ],

farmers [ ],

hamburger [ ],

beer [ ],

orange juice [ ],

home video [ ].

9.

Film []

li [],

wealth [],

free enterpise [ ],

dirty streets [ ],

music [ ],

violence [ ].

10.

Banjo [ ],

suburbs [ , ].

10.

Sport shoes [ ],

school bus [ ],

casino [ ],

rugby [ ],

drivers license from 15, 16 years

old [ 15-16 ].

4.

, :

 

 

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Skyscrapers [].

1.

Skyscrapers [].

2.

Ocean [].

2.

Lakes [].

3.

World [].

3.

Large [],

b atiful [],

heat [].

4.

Highways [ occe],

motorways [ ].

4.

Highway [ ].

 

5.

National parks [

].

 

 

 

 

5.

:

 

 

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Hollywood [ ],

Statue of Liberty [ ].

1.

Hollywood [ ].

2.

New York [ - ].

 

2.

The Statue of Liberty [ ].

3.

White House [ ].

3.

New York [ - ],

4.

Disneyland [ ],

Washington [ ].

4.

McDonald's [ ].

5.

Los Angeles [ - ],

California [ ].

5.

Bill Clinton [ ].

6.

Son Francisco [ - ],

Marlboro [ ],

Colorado [ ].

6.

Washington [ ].

7.

Boston [ ], Pentagon

[ ], Broadway

[ ], Harlem [ ].

 

7.

White House [ ],

Disneyland [ ],

Marlboro [ ],

Michael Jackson [ ].

8.

Central Park [ ],

8.

Harvard [],

USA [],

120

 

Long Island [ - ],

Yale University [ ].

 

 

 

Harley Davidson [

].

 

9.

McDonald ' s [],

Bush [],

Mark Twain [ ].

9.

 

 

Broadway [ ], Los Ange -

les , LA [ - ], Ontario

[], Colorado [].

10.

Clinton [],

O ' Henry ['],

Hemingway [],

Harvard University [ ].

10.

 

 

 

 

, Las Vegas [ - ],

Montana State [ ],

Roosevelt [ ],

Denver [ ],

Son Francisco [ - ],

Ford [ ].

11

Salinger [ ],

Chicago Bulls [ ],

TV [ ],

Bruce Springsteen [ ],

N BA [ ],

Michael Jackson [ ].

 

 

 

12

Monroe [ ],

Jane Fonda [ ],

New York Rangers [ - ].

 

 

 

:

 

 

 

 

 

1. :

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Great [],

rast [],

huge [],

large [] (26%).

1.

 

 

Red Square [ ]

(31%).

2.

 

Motherland [ ], patriotism

[ ] (24%).

2.

 

Moscow [ ] (29%).

 

3.

 

 

Culture [ ], history [ -

], mess [],

chaos [], vodka [] (23%).

3.

 

 

Kremlin [ ] (27%).

 

 

4.

 

Mysterious [ ], strange

[], soul [] (18%).

4.

 

Vodka [] (20%).

 

5.

 

[], mother [],

friends [ ] (15%).

5.

 

Hospitable [ ]

(16%).

6.

 

Moscow [ ], Orthodox Church

[ ] (13%).

6.

 

Winter [] (14%).

 

7.

 

Dirty [], gr []

(12%).

7.

 

Churches [ ], beautiful na -

ture [ ] (10%).

8.

 

 

Kremlin [ ] (10%).

 

 

8.

 

 

MSU ( Moscow State University )

[ ( -

)] (9%).

121

9.

Poor [], hope [], potentials [ ], great future [ ] (9%).

9.

Boris Yeltsin [ ], forests [], Lenin [] (7%).

10.

Red Square [ ], gentle [], kind [], crisis [], fools [], stupid [] (7%).

10.

New Russians [ ], home [], great persons [ ], dirty streets [ ] (6%).

(1992-1995) Red Square [ ] . Moscow [] Kremlin [] . Vodka [] , New Russians [ ], beautiful nature [ ], Boris Yeltsin [ ], hospitable []. , , mess [], chaos [], fools [], stupid [], crisis []. culture [], history [], hope [], potentials [ ], great f utu re [ ]. :

2. :

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Friendly [], intelligent [].

1.

Hospitable [].

2.

Gentle [], kind [], foolish [], stupid [].

2.

Lazy [], kind [].

3.

Rude [], gloomy [], talkative [], hospitable [].

3.

Honest [], patient [], rude [], religious [], sense of humour [ ], open [].

4.

Worried [], sad [], unhappy [], serious [], patient [], resourceful [ ].

4.

Educated [], open - hearted [], simple [].

5.

Healthy [], beautiful [], charitable [].

5.

Cheerful [], sensitive [], enduring [].

.

Sense of humour [ ], cheerful [], unsmiling [].

6.

Dangerous [].

122

7.

Big and strong [ ], powerful [], wicked [], crooks [].

7.

Respect to other nations [ ], unpredictable [], crazy [].

8.

Trustful [], deep [], coarse [], dull [], brave [], nice [], generous [].

8.

Angry people [ ], alcoholics [].

9.

Wonderful [], reckless [], interesting [].

9.

Friendly [], poor [], uneducated [].

 

 

10.

Nationalistic [], unsmiling [].

3. :

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Mess [], chaos [], vodka [].

1.

Vodka [].

2.

Poverty [], lines ( queues ) [], hope [].

2.

Winter [ ], churches [ ].

3.

Crisis [ ].

3.

New Russians [ ], dirty streets [ ].

4.

Market [ ], communism [ ], civil war [ ].

4.

Drunkards [ ], communism [ ], perestroyka [ ], political changes [ ], difficult life [ ], mafia [ ], balalaika [ ], samovar [ ], pretty girls [ ].

5.

Inflation [ ], instability [ ], difficulties [ ], masochism [ ], children [ ].

5.

Bread and salt [ - ], national songs [ ], troubles [ ], revolution [ ].

6.

Violence [ ], democrats [ ], pension [ ], food [ ], President [ ], parliament [ ], rouble [ ].

6.

Bath-house [ ], customs [ ], traditions [ ].

7.

Begging army [ ], three - colour flag [ ].

7.

Pancakes [ ], lmeni [ ], borshch [ ].

8.

Survival [ ], debates [ ], trolley - buses [ ].

8.

New capitalism [ ], rich culture [ ], writers [ ],

123

 

good literature [ ], very great culture [ ], music [].

9.

Hockey [ ], high prices [ ].

10

No opportunities for young people [ ], no laws [ a ], crowded transport

[ ], imitation of the West

[ ], chaos [].

4. , :

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Roads [ ].

1.

Winter [ ].

2.

Forest [ ].

2.

Beautiful nature [

 

 

 

].

3.

Birch - trees [].

3.

Forests [ ].

4.

Steppe [ ].

4.

Cold weather [ ].

5.

Villages [ ].

5.

Long distances [

 

 

 

], bear [],

 

 

 

villages [ ], la rge area

 

 

 

[ ], birch

 

 

 

[].

6.

Rivers [].

6. .

Architecture [ ].

7.

Big cemeteries [

7.

Fields [].

 

].

8.

Great valleys [ ].

 

 

 

 

9.

 

Taiga [ ], golden domes

[ ].

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

 

 

Roads [ ], fields [ ],

beautiful country [

].

5. :

1992 ( )

1995

1.

Moscow [].

1.

Red Square [ ].

2.

The Kremlin [].

2.

Moscow [].

3.

Red Square [ ].

3.

Kremlin [].

4.

Moscow State University

4.

MSU ( Moscow State University )

5.

[ ]. Ivan [], Leningrad [], Tchaikovsky [], Dostoevsky [], Siberia [], Yeltsin [], Gorbachev [].

5.

[ ( )]. Boris Yeltsin [ ], Lenin [].

6.

St Petersburg [ - ], Arbat [ ], Bolshoi Theatre

6.

Saint Petersburg [-].

 

[ ], St . Basil ' s Cathedral [

7.

Siberia [], Pushkin [].

 

].

8.

Stalin [], Arbat [],

7.

The Volga [], Pushkin [], Lenin [].

 

Dostoevsky [], the Bolshoi Theatre [ ],

8.

Suvorov [ ], Dmitry

 

Peter the First [ ].

 

Donskoy [ ],

9.

Moscow [ ], Alexander

 

Moscow suburbs [, ].

 

Nevsky [ ], Dmitry Donskoy [

 

 

 

].

 

 

10.

Tolstoy [], GUM [], Zhiguli ( a car ) [ ()], USSR [], Chechnya [].

1998 :

1. :

1. New York [ - ] (35%).

2. The Statue of Liberty [ ] (33%).

3. Bill Clinton [ ] (27%).

4. Smile [ ], Hollywood [ ] (22%).

5. McDonald's [ ] (19%).

6. Freedom [ ] (18%).

7. Washington D. . [ ( )] (11%).

8. Skyscrapers [ ], business [ ] (10%).

9. George Washington [ ], friendly [ ], dollars [ ], hamburgers [ ], Coca-Cola [ - ] (8,5%).

10. White House [ ], baseball [ ], basketball [ ], Disney and Disneyland [ ] (6,5%).

125

1998 :

2. :

1. Smiling [].

2. Friendly [].

3. Democratic [], proud [], self - confident [ ], patriotic [].

4. Funny [], happy [], stupid [], healthy [], long [], noisy [].

5. Proud [], self - important [], greedy [], fussy [], communicative [].

6. Warm [], rude [], quick [].

7. Unfriendly [], cheerful [], good - natured [ ].

8. Hypocrisy [], racism [].

9. Militant [], overworking [ ], borrowing brains [ ], angry [].

3. :

1. Freedom [ ].

2. Business [ ].

3. Coca - Cola [ - ], hamburgers [ ], dollars [ ].

4. Basketball [ ], baseball [ ], cowboys [ ].

5. Fast food [ ( - )], football [ ], jeans [ ], cars [ ], hot dogs [ - ].

6. President [ ], money [ ], popcorn [ - ], music [ ], states [ ], Independence Day [ ].

7. Pop culture [ - ], NBA ( National Basketball Association ) [ ( )], films [ ], film stars [ ], different nations [ ], American dream [ ], independence [ ], black people [ ], fat people [ ].

8. Junk food [ , ], Indians [ ], bikers [ ], teenagers [ ], green card [ ], divorce [ ], industry [ ], lack of culture [ ], education [ ].

9. Supermarkets [ ], pizza [ ], drugs [ ], very expensive medicines [ ], bank [ ], traffic [ ], universities [ ].

10. Beer [ ], turkey [ ], cheeseburgers [ ], chewing gum [ ], mess [ ], prosperity [ ], sex [ ], discrimination [ ], a possibility to earn money honestly [ ], farmers [ ], t - shirts [ ], free style of clothes [ ].

126

4. , :

1. Skyscrapers [].

2. Ocean [ ].

3. Highways [ ]. 4. Tornado [ ].

5. Big avenues [ ], large streets [ ].

6. Green grass [ ].

7. National parks [ ].

5. :

1. New York [ - ].

2. Statue of Liberty [ ]. 3. Bill Clinton [ ].

4. Hollywood [ ].

5. McDonald's [ ].

6. Washington [ ].

7. George Washington [ ].

8. White House [ ], Disney and Disneyland [ -

9. Columbus [ ], Abraham Lincoln [ ], John Kennedy [ ], Michael Jackson [ ], California [ ].

10. Elvis Presley [ ], Madonna [ ], Los Angeles [ - ].

11. Alaska [ ], Chicago [ ], Stealth F-117 [ -117 ], Ronald Reagan [ ], Yale University [ ], Martin Luther King [ ], Broadway [ ], Vietnam [ ], Pentagon [ ], Michael Jordan [ ], Jack London [ ], Julia Roberts [ ], Mickey Mouse [ ], Budweiser [ ].

12 Theodor Roosevelt [ ], Hilary Clinton [ ], Uncle Sam [ ], Theodor Dreiser [ ], Hemingway [ ], J. F. Cooper [ . . ], Mayflower [ ( )], Forrest Gump [ ], Kevin Kostner [ ], Texas [ ], Niagara Falls [ ], Miamy Beach [ ], Las Vegas [ - ], Manhattan [ ].

1998 :

1. :

1. Poverty [] (35%).

2. Moscow [] (32%).

3. Soul [], vodka [] (20%).

4. Birch - trees [ ] (18%).

5. Kremlin [ ], Pushkin [ ] (16%).

6. Rouble [ ], caviar [ ], crisis [ ] (15%).

127

7.

Winter [ ], snow [ ] (14%).

8.

Motherland [ ], c ulture [ ] (12%).

9.

Mafia [ ], good roads [ ], songs [ ], puzzling

[], unpredictable [] (10%).

10.

Villages [], chastushkas [] (8%).

2. :

1.

The national spirit [ yx], Russian soul [ ].

2.

Love for Motherland [ ].

3.

Emotinal [], sentimental [].

4.

Patient [ ], generous [ ], hospitable [ ].

5.

Talkative [ ], open [ ], kind [ ].

6.

Puzzling [ ], unpredictable [ ].

7.

Fools [ ], wicked [ ], narrow - minded [ ].

8.

Gloomy [ ], fussy [ ], the mentality of a mob [ ].

9.

Unaggressive [ ], kind [ ].

10.

Melancholy [ ], inaccurate [ ], tight - minded [ ].

 

 

 

 

3. :

1.

Poverty [].

2.

Vodka [].

3.

Rouble [ ], caviar [ ],

crisis [ ].

4.

Culture [ ], museums [ ].

5.

Mafia [ ], good mads [ ], songs [ ].

6.

Chastushkas [], laws [ ].

7.

A great potential [ ], communists [], [], friends [], homeland native culture [ ], arts [], history [], roots [].

8.

Dirt [], mess [], family [], hopelessness [], uncertain future [ ], f ar [], politics [].

9.

Misery [], darkness [], humour [], books [], parliament [].

10.

Balalaika [], dustbins [], unemployment [], ruins [], dirty shoes [ ], matryoshka [].

 

 

 

 

128

4.

, :

1.

Birch - trees [].

2.

Vastness [].

3.

Snow [], cold [], winter [], frost [].

4.

Greenery [].

5.

Rich [], beautiful nature [ ].

6.

Villages [ ], fields [ ].

5.

:

1.

Moscow [].

2.

Pushkin [], Kremlin [].

3.

Siberia [ ].

4.

Ivan the Fool [ - ].

5.

Christ the Saviour Cathedral [ ].

6.

Zagorsk [ ].

7.

Zhiguli (a car) [ ( )].

8.

The Siberian Barber (a film) [ ( )].

9.

Kiev [ ].

10.

Sakharov [ ].

 

 

 

 

1992-1998 .

:

1992

1995

1998

1.

Smile [] (27%).

1.

Hollywood [ ] (26%).

1.

New York [ - ] (35%).

2.

Freedom [ ] (20%).

2.

Statue of Liberty [ ] (21%).

2.

The Statue of Liberty [ ] (33%).

3.

Rich [], money [] (13%).

3.

Smile [] (19%).

3.

Bill Clinton [ ] (27%).

4.

Skyscrapers [ ] (12%).

4.

New York [ - ] (16%).

4.

Smile [ ], Hollywood [ ] (22%).

5.

Business [ ], Hollywood [ ], Statue of Liberty [ ] (11%).

5.

Dollar [ ], McDonald's [ ] (13%).

5.

McDonald's [ ] (19%).

6.

Cars [ ], pragmatism [ ] (10%).

.

Bill Clinton [ ] (11%).

6.

Freedom [ ] (18%).

7.

Dollar [ ], President

7.

Freedom [ ],

7.

Washington D. .

 

[ ], friendly [ ], cheerful [ ] (9%).

 

Washington [ ], rich [ ] (10%).

 

[ ()] (11%).

8.

New York [-], uninhibited [ ],

8.

Skyscrapers [], business [], uninhibited [

8.

Skyscrapers [ ], business [ ] (10%).

129

1992

1995

1998

 

great / large [/],

loud [] (8%).

 

],

baseball [ ] (9%).

 

 

9.

Kind [ ],

domineering [ ] (7%).

9.

White House [ ], cowboys [ ], Disn l and [ ] (8%)

9.

George Washington [ ],

friendly [ ],

dollars [ ],

hamburgers [ ],

- la [-] (8,5%).

10.

White House [ ],

independence [],

comfort [],

supermarket [ ],

health [ ],

hospitable [ ] (6%).

10.

Talkative [ ],

drugs [ ] (6%).

10.

White House [ ] baseball [ ], basketball [ ], Disney and Disneyland [ ] (6,5%).

:

1992

1995

1998

1.

Great [],

vast [],

huge [],

larg e []

(26%).

1.

Red Square [ ] (31%).

1.

Poverty [] (35%).

2.

Motherland [],

patriotism [] (24%)

2.

Moscow [ ] (29%).

2.

Moscow [ ] (32%).

3.

Culture [],

history [],

mess []

chaos [],

vodka [] (23%).

3.

Kremlin [] (27%).

3.

Soul [],

vodka []

(20%).

4.

Mysterious [], strange [], soul [] (18%).

4.

Vodka [ ] (20%).

4.

Birch-trees [ ] (18%).

5.

[], mother [], friends [] (15%).

5.

Hospitable [] (16%).

5.

Kremlin [],

Pushkin [] (16%).

130

1992

1995

199 8

6.

Moscow [], Orthodox Church [ ] (13%).

.

Winter [ ] (14%).

6.

Rouble [ ], caviar [ ], crisis [ ] (15%).

7.

Dirty [ ], grey [ ] (12%).

7.

Churches [ ], beautiful nature [ ] (10%).

7.

Winter [ ], snow [ ] (14%).

8.

Kremlin [] (10%).

8.

MSU ( Moscow State University ) [ ( ] (9%).

8.

Motherland [], culture [] (12%).

9.

Poor [], hope [], potentials [ ], great future [ ] (9%).

9.

Boris Yeltsin [ ], forests [], Lenin [] (7%).

9.

Mafia [], good roads [], songs [], puzzling [], unpredictable [] (10%).

10.

Red Square [ ], gentle [], kind [], crisis

[], fools [], stupid [] (7%).

10.

New Russians [ ], home [ ], great persons [

], dirty streets [ ] (6%).

10.

Villages [ ], chastushkas [ ] (8%).

1992-1998 . : smile [], New York [-], State of Liberty [ ], Hollywood [], freedom [], skyscrapers [], dollar [], White House [ ].

1998 , (1992 1995 ): rich [], uninhibited [ ], business [], : cowboys [], talkative [], cars [], pragmatism [], cheerful [], great / large [/ ], loud [], supermarket [], comfort [], independence [], health [], hospitable []. 1998 , Coca - Cola [-], hamburgers [], basketball [].

. Moscow [], Kremlin [], vodka []. 1992 1995 Red Square [ ], home []. 1995 1998 winter []. 1992 1998 soul [], motherland [], culture [], poor / poverty [/], crisis [].

131

, 1998 poverty [] (.: 1992 poor [] ). 1998 birch - trees [], Pushkin [], rouble [], caviar [], afi [], good roads [], songs [], puzzling [], unpredictable [], villages [], chastushkas [].

-, , 1995 1998 winter [], 1992 1998 ( ) , , , ( poor / poverty [/], crisis []) : motherland [], culture [], soul [].


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