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134

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Notre langue ! Par-dessus les pages que lisait notre grand-mere, nous nous regardames, ma s?ur et moi, frappes d'une meme illumination: ...qui n'est pas pour vous une langue etrangere. C'etait donc cela, la clef de notre Atlantide! La langue, cette mysterieuse matiere, invisible et omnipresente, qui atteignait par son essence sonore chaque recoin de l'univers que nous etions en train d'explorer. Cette langue qui modelait

les hommes, sculptait les objets, ruisselait en vers, regissait dans les rues envahies par les foules, faisait sourire une jeune tsarine venue du bout du monde... Mais surtout, elle palpitait en nous, telle une greffe fabuleuse dans nos c?urs, couverte deja de feuilles et de fleurs, portant en elle le fruit de toute une civilisation. Oui , cette greffe , le fran c ais 2 .

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1 f . . , . . . . ., 1990, . 25.

2 A . Makine. Le testament francais. [Paris], Mercure de France, 1997, p. 56.

135

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3 . . . . . 1825- 1853. ., 1982, . 7.

4 . . . . , 1966, . 23.

5 . . . . ., 1966, . 74.

6 . . . -, 1971, . 122

136

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9 . . . . ., 1975, . 94.

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11 .: . . , . . . // , 1973, 2, . 69-83.

137

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. : I regret to say that a typical Englishman does not exist [ , ]. : When it is necessary to describe the national type one is confronted

with innumerable difficulties. I remembered dozens (or hundreds?) of my Russian friends but it turned out to be an impossible task to honour any of them with the title of the most typical Russian man. The question of more typical" and less typical" immediately arose. Some very typical persons were not purely Russian. Some pure Russians were not quite typical. That is why I had to give up the idea of describing a Russian I know who might serve as a model.

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stereotype : fixed mental impression [ ] ( COD ); a fixed pattern which is believed to represent a type of person or

12 . . // , 6.09.1966. . .: . . . . ., . 18.

13 . , : . . . . . .,1998.

14 . , 1987, . 447.

138

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139

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140

-. : Paradise is where cooks are French, mechanics are German, policemen are British, lovers are Italian and it is all organized by the Swiss. Hell is where cooks are British, policemen are German, lovers are the Swiss, mechanics are French, and it is all organized by Italians [ , , , , , . , , , , ].

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Three proofs that Jesus was Jewish:

1. He went into his father's business.

2. He lived at home until the age of 33.

3. He was sure that his mother was a virgin, and his mother was sure that he was God. Three proofs that Jesus was Irish:

1. He never got married.

2. He never had a steady job.

3. His last request was for a drink. Three proofs that Jesus was Italian:

1. He talked with his hands.

2. He took wine with every meal.

3. He worked in the building trade.

Three proofs that Jesus was Black:

1. He called everybody brother.

2. He had no permanent address.

3. Nobody would hire him.

Three proofs that Jesus was Puerto Rican:

1. His first name was Jesus.

2. He was always in trouble with the law.

3. His mother didn't know who his real father was.

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141

Three proofs that Jesus was from California :

1. He never cut his hair.

2. He walked around barefoot.

3. He invented a new religion.

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142

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144

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146

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