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..




,

2005

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91 : . - .: , 2005. - 368 .
ISBN 5-276-00580-

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65.01
© .. , 2005 © , 2005 © , 2005
FEDERAL AGENCY OF EDUCATION
THE MOSCOW STATE INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY
INSTITUTE OF DISTANT EDUCATION
Elena G. Efimova
ECONOMICS
Manual
Recommended by the Inter-University Center of Economic Education
of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation
as the manual for non-economist students
Moscow 2005

Reviewers: V.I.Mazurkevich, Head of Department "Economics and Management of
Enterprise" of the Moscow State University of Engineering Ecology, Cand.of Econ. sci., Professor
D.E.Sorin, Head of the Center of Politico-Economical Researches of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doct. of Econ. sci., Professor
Efimova E.G.
91 Economics: Manual. - Moscow: MSIU, 2005. - 368 pp.
ISBN 5-276-00580-X
The manual contains a systematic course of economics studied by students of non economic specialties. Main items of micro- and macroeconomics are considered basing on the modern achievements of economic ideas. Consideration of theoretical problems is accompanied by the analysis of their state in modern Russia. The manual compiles extensive actual and statistical material.
The edition is intended for the distant-learning students and can be used both as an independent manual or together with an electronic informational-training system.
65.01
© E.G.Efimova, 2005 © MSIU, 2005 © IDE, 2005

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Foreword

Economics investigates problems which concern all people with no exception and this is the major argument for the benefit of studying economics by non-economist students. All people are involved in the sphere of economics (shopping, receiving incomes, paying taxes, etc). Everyone sooner or later is to answer the questions: what does the salary depend on, what is the reason of price growth, why living standarts differ in different countries, what is more preferable - to be hired or organize own business?
According to the author of the world famous textbook "Economics", Nobel prize winner P. Samuelson, the person who did not regularly study the economic theory should suffer difficulties not only in answering these questions, but even attempting to consider them in the proper way, and this person resembles a deaf person, trying to estimate a piece of music.
Studying economics gives students not only ready knowledge in the field of economic theory, but provides them with economic mentality, acquaints them with methods of economic analysis necessary for understanding the economic processes and phenomena of social life. According to the greatest economist of the XX century. J.M. Keynes the economic theory is more likely a method, rather than a doctrine, intellectual tool, method of thinking, helping those who possess it to come to correct conclusions.
The manual should help students in self-sufficient study of economics. The theoretical material in this manual is combined with the analysis of economic problems in Russia. It will allow students to better understand the past and the present of Russia, essence of economic reforms, as well as the prospects of development of Russian economy.
Alongside with theoretical material, the textbook contains questions for self-testing, answers to which promote understanding of material studied. Conclusions at the end of the chapter allow to generalize the material.
The book can be used as an independent manual or together with electronic informational-training system.

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