call spread: Bull Bear Call Spread Strategy Function in roptions: Option Strategies and Valuation

bull call spread strategy

Simultaneously, sell a call option at a higher strike price that has the same expiration date as the first call option, and collect the premium. Company X stock is trading at $50, and you expect it to increase in price but by no higher than $53. The strategy is basically designed to reduce the upfront costs of buying calls so that less capital investment is required, and it can also reduce the effect of time decay. However, advanced trading tools can eliminate execution risk entirely.

What is the maximum profit of this bull spread?

The maximum profit for a bull put spread is equal to the difference between the amount received from the sold put and the amount paid for the purchased put. In other words, the net credit received initially is the maximum profit, which only happens if the stock's price closes above the higher strike price at expiry.

Furthermore, traders can form iron butterfly strategies if the decrease is substantial. The maximum risk of the bullish call spread is limited to the total premium paid in buying a low strike price call. Simply put, it will be the total premium invested in buying the lower leg or lower strike price of this call spread strategy. This strategy consists of buying one call option and selling another at a higher strike price to help pay the cost. The spread generally profits if the stock price moves higher, just as a regular long call strategy would, up to the point where the short call caps further gains.

Call spreads explained — trade directionally with limited risk on OKX

Thus, the exercise price is a term used in the derivative market. However, one significant drawback from using a bull call spread is that potential gains are limited. For example, in the example above, the maximum gain Jorge can realize is only $27 due to the short call option position. Even if the stock price were to skyrocket to $500, Jorge would only be able to realize a gain of $27. Jorge is looking to utilize a bull call spread on ABC Company.

If I’m below that level, then I know it’s time to exit the trade and salvage whatever I can to minimize any further losses, if I can. Depending on the timing of when this violation occurs, there may or may not be any premium left in this spread to salvage. The analysis in this material is provided for information only and is not and should not be construed as an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any security. This material does not and is not intended to take into account the particular financial conditions, investment objectives or requirements of individual customers.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Using a Bull Call Spread

However, if the asset price rises above the strike point, the investor may purchase the contract at that price, but still will not recoup the premium. Some premiums may be so high that they make buying the call option worthless because it would take a major move to hit your breakeven point .

When should I sell my calls?

Buyers of long calls can sell them at any time before expiration for a profit or loss, but ideally the trade is closed for a profit when the value of the call exceeds the entry price for purchasing it.

A Bull Call Spread strategy involves Buy ITM Call Option and Sell OTM Call Option. All expressions of opinion are subject to change without notice in reaction to shifting market conditions. Data contained herein from third-party providers is obtained from what are considered reliable sources. However, its accuracy, completeness or reliability cannot be guaranteed. Commissions, taxes and transaction costs are not included in this discussion but can affect final outcome and should be considered. Please contact a tax advisor for the tax implications involved in these strategies.

Reducing Risk with a Credit Spread Options Strategy

A Bull Call Spread strategy involves Buy ITM Call Option + Sell OTM Call Option. If only the Call Option was purchased, the break-even point would have been 10, 470.

  • The potential losses are limited though, because you cannot lose any more than the cost of putting the spread on.
  • Regardless of how you proceed, I hope this article has helped provide some insight into how these two strategies match up.
  • The underlier price at which break-even is achieved for the bull call spread position can be calculated using the following formula.
  • Multiple leg option strategies will involve multiple commissions.
  • Calculate risk – risk calculation should be your first step before placing any trade, and a bull call spread is no exception.

In the above graph, the blue line represents the payoff from the strategy, which is a range. The maximum loss from the strategy is the net spread.In the above graph, the blue line represents the payoff from the strategy, which is a range. Meanwhile, the maximum bull call spread strategy loss of a bear call spread is incurred when the spot price rises above both positions’ strike prices. This time, both options are exercised, and the loss is limited to the spread width minus the credit the trader received when entering both trades.

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The premium received by selling the call option partially offsets the premium the investor paid for buying the call. In practice, investor debt is the net difference between the two call options, which is the cost of the strategy. As you can see, the bull call spread is a simple strategy that offers a number of advantages with very little in the way of disadvantages. It’s a very good strategy to use when your outlook is bullish and you believe you can be relatively accurate in predicting how high the price of the underlying security will rise. Remember, you can increase the profit potential of the spread by writing the options in Leg B with a higher strike price. The value of the option will decay as time passes, and is sensitive to changes in volatility.

  • You buy 1 call contract with a strike price of $50 at a cost of $200.
  • For more information on long calls and bullish spreads, please visit Understanding Options on
  • However, if the asset goes higher than your short call strike point, you have the option to buy the asset at the lower strike point , which is below current market value.
  • If only one leg fills, the trader is suddenly exposed to the risks the call spread was supposed to mitigate.
  • The call with the lower strike price will always be purchased at a price greater than the offsetting premium received from writing the call with the higher strike price.
  • If the stock price is “close to” or below the strike price of the long call , then the price of the bull call spread decreases with passing of time .

The benefit of the call spread becomes clear when we compare this trade to simply purchasing 1 ETH. If the ETH price dropped to 1,300 USDT, the trader would lose 200 USDT, which is a more significant loss than the 40 USDT maximum loss guaranteed by the bull call spread. ETH is trading at 1,500 USDT, and our trader buys a 1,450 USDT call for a mark price of 90 USDT. At the same time, they sell a 1,550 USDT call for a mark price of 50 USDT. This gives the trade a debit, and therefore total maximum loss, of 40 USDT. When my bull call spread is winning, I look to take profits when I can capture 50% of the maximum potential profit in this spread.

The Charles Schwab Corporation provides a full range of brokerage, banking and financial advisory services through its operating subsidiaries. Its broker-dealer subsidiary, Charles Schwab & Co., Inc. , offers investment services and products, including Schwab brokerage accounts. Its banking subsidiary, Charles Schwab Bank, SSB , provides deposit and lending services and products. Access to Electronic Services may be limited or unavailable during periods of peak demand, market volatility, systems upgrade, maintenance, or for other reasons.

bull call spread strategy

Your maximum loss is capped at the price you pay for the option. ETH is trading at 1,500 USDT, and our trader sells a 1,450 USDT call for a mark price of 90 USDT and buys a 1,550 USDT call for a mark price of 50 USDT. This gives the trade a credit and, therefore, a total maximum profit of 40 USDT. Suppose ETH price drops to 1,300 USDT by the contracts’ expiry. Both contracts will be worthless on expiry — neither contract holder would want to buy ETH above the market price. The effect of an increase or decrease in the volatility of the underlying stock may be noticed in the time value portion of the options’ premiums.

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